Archive for November, 2010

Select Fatwas of Ayatollah Makarem-Shirazi on the Rights of Animals

November 24, 2010
Ayatollah Makarem-Shirazi on the Rights of Animals
Fatwa Response or Body of Essay: 

Question: There are some vagrant dogs in our village that contaminate agricultural lands, is it a sin to kill them?

Answer: It is permissible if they cause disturbance.

Question: What is the ruling of taxidermy or killing of animals for use in decoration?

Answer: If it does not need specific harm or disturbance then it does not have problem and it is more clear about malefic animals, but if the animal has spurting blood then it is a precaution not to touch its body by wet hand, considering that it has not been ritually slaughtered.

Question: In some regions, the owner of male animal takes money or a thing for breeding from the owner of female animal. Is this act permitted?

Answer: It is permissible to take the money as wage.

This piece is taken from the website of Islamopedia On-line.

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Select Fatwas of Ayatollah Makarem-Shirazi on Environmental Protection

November 24, 2010
Select Fatwas of Ayatollah Makarem-Shirazi on the Natural Environment and Environmental Protection:
Fatwa Response or Body of Essay: 

Question: What is your opinion about pouring sewage and waste into streams, rivers and lakes which would kill hundreds of thousands of aquatic creatures and makes irreversible damages to the nature?

Answer: It is not permitted to contaminate rivers and lakes in the way that it kills aquatic creatures and in result, makes damages and difficulties for people.

Question: If a person uses a device which causes air pollution while there is another device which makes less pollution what is the duty of such a person in the view of Islam?

Answer: Clean air is one of great divine gifts and we must refrain from polluting it.

Question: What is the status of using some chemical substances which kill harmless and useful animals in the nature?

Answer: It is problematic to use any substance that endangers the harmless and useful creatures.

This piece is taken from the website of Islamopedia Online.

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Turkmenistan Seeks UN Environmental Center in Region

November 16, 2010

Turkmenistan has submitted a proposal to the United Nations requesting that a regional center be established in the Central Asian or Caucasus regions to focus on environmental concerns, the Trend news agency reported on August 28, 2010.

Turkmenistan is actively working to preserve the Caspian Sea and is eager to work with regional partners to address environmental concerns, said UN Resident Representative Lenni Montiel, according to Trend. Talks are under way to open a regional bureau for the UN Office for Project Services to foster regional cooperation.

Ashgabat is an active proponent of environmental protection, climate change and energy efficiency, Trend reported.

“These issues will be addressed during the negotiations among the UN member-states,” Trend quoted Montiel as saying. “As the Resident Coordinator in Turkmenistan, I fully support these aspirations and wish Turkmenistan success in this important work.”

The UN has focused attention on working with states on the Caspian Sea in protecting the sea’s biodiversity. The UN Development Program (UNDP) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) have hosted workshops in Turkmenistan and discussed new ways to undertake cattle farming that will not harm the health of the Caspian.

Montiel also underscored Turkmenistan’s advancements in general international cooperation, pointing to the country’s involvement in the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the UNDP and the UN Population Fund (UNFPA).

Turkmenistan has expressed an eagerness to join various UN councils and organizations.

This piece is taken from the website of the Central Asia Newswire.

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Huge Lake Being Filled in Turkmenistan Desert

November 16, 2010

Turkmenistan has begun channeling water across hundreds of miles to create a lake in the heart of a barren desert, state media reported on July 16, 2009, in a Soviet-style engineering feat that some experts fear could unleash an environmental catastrophe.

Turkmen engineers are pumping in run-off water through a network of canals from irrigated cotton fields across the country, filling up the natural Karashor depression in remote northern Turkmenistan to create Golden Age Lake and, they say, bring life to the searing Karakum Desert.

At an opening ceremony conducted on July 15, 2009, President Gurbanguli Berdymukhamedov used a spade to dig a breach allowing the flow of water from a tributary canal. He declared the lake would make the desert bloom.

“We have brought new life to these once-lifeless sands. I am convinced that our great deeds will be recalled with glory,” he said in comments published in the state-run Neutral Turkmenistan newspaper.

After the ceremony, Berdymukhamedov mounted a jewelry-adorned horse given to him by water industry workers, waved to the crowd and rode to a helicopter waiting nearby.

Turkmen leaders say the massive lake will help drain water-logged cotton fields and encourage plant life and attract migratory birds to the desert.

Cotton chemicals in run-off?
Critics have heaped scorn on the project, saying that cotton field run-off is full of poisonous insecticides and fertilizers. Some experts also believe the desert heat will quickly evaporate the water.

The project’s grandiosity is not unusual in Turkmenistan, the former Soviet Central Asian republic that gained a reputation for the eccentricity of its late leader, the dictator Saparmurat Niyazov, who proposed the project before his death in 2006.

Niyazov’s reign was marked by numerous outlandish building projects, including a soaring tower topped by a golden statue of himself that rotates to constantly face the sun.

Once completed, the lake will span 770 square miles, reach a depth of around 230 feet and hold more than 4,600 billion cubic feet of water. Filling the lake could take 15 years and cost up to $4.5 billion.

According to ambitious government plans, the lake will be filled by a 1,650-mile network of tributary canals.

“These canals will serve as a major source of irrigation to turn the Karakum into a blossoming oasis,” Berdymukhamedov told a crowd of more than a thousand people that included top government officials, diplomats and local dignitaries.

Another Aral Sea?
For decades, Central Asia’s environment has suffered as a result of Soviet-era irrigation projects. The Aral Sea, which once lay on the border between the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, was the world’s fourth-largest lake, but has since shrunk by almost 90 percent, devastating fisheries as salinity levels spiked.

The Turkmen government says, however, that the Golden Age Lake will promote the conservation and sensible use of water resources, in addition to preventing damage to archaeological sites near agricultural fields.

Growing populations and income levels coupled with poor coordination of water have strained Central Asia’s water supplies. Communities throughout the region routinely suffer water shortages, which ruin crops and force up prices for staple foods.

Although Golden Age Lake is only expected to rely on irrigation run-off, some observers fear that Turkmenistan may seek to siphon water from the Syr Darya River, which runs along the country’s northern border with Uzbekistan. That could trigger a dispute between the two countries and inflict further damage of the environment.

This piece is taken from the website of the

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