Egyptian – Italian Environmental Cooperation Program (EIECP) – Overview

Phase II of the Program aims at the continuation of the cooperation between the Governments of the Italian Republic (GOI) and the Arab Republic of Egypt (GOE) in the field of environment, established with Phase I that ended on 2003. 

Phase II  is providing an umbrella support to Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs (MSEA) / EEAA in a collaborative manner with its partner institutions to:

  • Implement Projects for the conservation of natural resources and the protection of the environment, which is a key policy objective of MSEA/EEAA.
  • Enhance the co-operation between key stakeholders in addressing environmental needs in a coordinated and decentralized approach. Again, this is a policy objective of   MSEA/EEAA.
  • Attain community participation and mobilization in all relevant activities, with emphasis on the gender-differentiated roles and impact in natural resource management. This will definitively help MSEA/EEAA in achieving a strategic goal.

The components of the Program are:

  1. A systemic approach to Solid Waste Management in Rural Governorates of Egypt – Pilot development of a comprehensive management scheme for El Minyia Governorate (SWMM)
  2. Capacity Building and Institutional Support to Nature Conservation Sector of the MSEA/EEAA (NCS)
  3. Decision Support System for Water Resources Planning based on Environmental Balance (DSS), second phase
  4. Gabal Elba Protected Area (GEPA)
  5. Institutional Support to SCA for Environmental Monitoring and Management of Cultural Heritage sites: applications to Fayoum oasis and North Saqqara Necropolis (ISSEMM)
  6. Legal and Institutional Framework Project (LIFP)
  7. Program Coordination Unit (PCU), second phase
  8. Siwa Environmental Amelioration Project (SEAP), second phase
  9.  Wadi Rayan Protected Area (WRPA), second phase.

Environment is a field that cuts across the activities of all ministries and institutions, public and private. A successful integration of environmental dimensions in relevant national policies, plans, programs, projects and practices, requires close cooperation with all stakeholders. It is expected that addressing priorities in close association, keeping roles and responsibilities of stakeholders well defined, as it is the case under consideration, the Program will produce added value results by means of reinforced synergies and integrated approach. The information generated by different Program’s components, the multidisciplinary expertise involved, both expatriate and local, and the links established among key governmental and non-governmental players will likely provide grounds to stakeholders for expanding the achieved results towards further opportunities and challenges, strengthening common interests, encouraging commitments and minimizing conflicts.

Based on the above, the Program has the overall objective of contributing to the protection of Egypt’s natural and cultural resources and it is based on the following principles:

  1. Consolidate the results achieved and ensure the sustainability of the activities undertaken by each project of the Program;
  2. Address new areas of priority and of special interest to the MSEA/EEAA, compatible with the overall objectives of Italian Cooperation;

  3. Build upon the experience and lessons learned in implementing the various project activities.

 

The specific objectives are:

  • To strengthen Egyptian capacities to analyze, plan and implement adequate measures for the conservation and rehabilitation of natural, cultural and man-made environments;
  • To enhance current strategies and ways to protect and expand available natural resources base, with the aim to leading to higher productivity, reduced migration and improvement of the living conditions in rural areas;
  • To contribute to reinforce the role of EEAA, as the central co-ordinating and competent body, and its partners institutions for the protection and promotion of the environment.

 

The expected results will be achieved by the different Projects, which are pursuing their individual targets. Those are detailed in each Project document. The activities of the three years duration Program are described in each Project document and are planned and implemented by each Project according to approved work plans and budgets.

The mechanism for implementation involves:

  1. Program Steering Committee at Central level,
  2. Project Executive Committees at Implementing Agency level,
  3. Project Management Units at Project level, and
  4. Program Coordination Unit.

The UNDP country office is supporting EEAA in the execution and implementation of the Program and Projects within the framework of the National Execution arrangements. UNDP is availing the services of Agreed Consultancies for the provision of technical assistance.


 The financing is as follows:

(i) The Italian funds, worth Euro 9,134,094, will be channeled in two ways, i.e. through UNDP (multi-bi-lateral channel) for the bulk of the Program, and by direct management of the technical assistance to the Program Coordination Unit;

(ii) The contribution from GOE, worth LE  19,898,766, is originated from the  Italian  “Debt-for-Development Swap” operations, agreed on February 2001 between the Italian and Egyptian Governments, and administered through UNDP. The above estimate doesn’t include the in kind-contribution and administrative service costs. 

The Program supports the implementation and development of individual Projects, which are designed to be sustainable in the medium-long run ranges. Nevertheless there are factors ensuring the sustainability, which can be considered as common strong elements of key importance. They include:

(i) continued commitment of the Implementing Agencies towards the activities undertaken and consolidation of results achieved,

(ii) capacity building: upon its completion, trained local staff will be in condition to ensure the continuous and proper development of the actions undertaken, under the individual Projects and within their respective institutions,

(iii) assets that will remain for the advantage of the Implementing Agencies: trained and skilled personnel, stronger institutions, tools and equipments, infrastructures, etc.

This piece is taken from the website of the Egyptian – Italian Environmental Cooperation Program (EIECP).

See on-line at: http://www.eiecop.org/

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