Archive for the ‘Bahrain’ Category

National Oil & Gas Authority – Gulf Petrochemical Industries Company

February 21, 2011

 

Gulf Petrochemical Industries Company was founded on 5th December 1979 as a nucleus for cooperation among Gulf Cooperative Council member states for the manufacture of fertilizers and petrochemicals by utilizing Bahraini natural gas as feedstock. The Company was established as an equally owned joint venture by the Government of the Kingdom of Bahrain, Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (SABIC), Saudi Arabia and Petrochemical Industries Company (PIC), Kuwait. The company’s Board of Directors comprise of representatives from the three shareholding states.

 

Built on 60 acres of reclaimed land at Sitra Island, the project initially consisted of two Plants: Ammonia and Methanol together with their Utilities. The Plants were commissioned in May 1985, each with a capacity of 1,000 metric tones per day. In 1989, their capacities were further increased to 1200 tonnes each per day.

 

Due to its success in production and marketing of the products and to capitalize further on the Ammonia, GPIC decided to expand its operations and built a 1,700 metric tones per day Urea Plant that was commissioned in 1998. This plant included its own Utilities and Urea handling facilities to export finest quality Granular Urea worldwide. GPIC continues to produce and supply the world with more than 1.46 million tones per annum of high quality products.

 

GPIC prides itself with its excellent record in safety, continuous production runs and environmental achievements. The Company has won numerous awards, prizes and appreciation certificates locally, regionally and internationally. Through its distinguished environmental projects, the Company has proved that industry and the environment can harmoniously exist side by side.

 

GPIC looks to the future as a distinguished producer and exporter of quality petrochemical and fertilizer products to the whole world. To maintain this unique status, considerable effort and investment has been made to upgrade major plant equipment and modernize control and management systems at the complex. Plans for expansion are also well under way to either duplicate the existing facilities or construct new stand-alone plants in the coming years.

Management Approach: The “One Team” Concept

 

GPIC is proud of its employees and considers them as the most important assets of the company. Whilst the executive management sets the vision, goals, objectives and policies of the company, these elements are discussed and explained to all levels and posted at key locations. The management team also regularly publishes statistics that reflect the Company’s progress to all staff, electronically and on notice boards. The one team spirit is propagated throughout the organization on a daily basis through coordination meetings, social activities inside and outside the complex and special functions.

 

The Management has also formed a number of committees such as the Safety Committee, Health Committee, Environment Committee, Training and Development committee, productivity enhancement committee, personal cases committee and many others. All these committees work consistently with each other to achieve the set objectives.

 

The GPIC leadership is fully committed in its endeavors to synthesize the best from world safety, health, and quality standards to build a truly robust management regime. The company’s management systems are certified to ISO-9001:2000 quality standard, ISO-14001 environmental standard and the Occupational Health and Safety Management System’s OHSAS-18001 standard. The company has also acquired the ISO-27001 certification also for its Information Technology Security Management System.

 

GPIC is also the first petrochemical company in the Arabian Gulf to successfully complete all the requirements and gain accreditation by the British Standard Institute (BSI) for the PAS-99 (Publicly Available Specification) model, the world’s first Integrated Management System.

 

Training and Development

 

GPIC Management considers training and development of its employees as a top priority and has therefore invested a substantial amount of money in the Bahrainisation and employee development programs since inception.

 

The percentage of Bahrainis in the company is currently in excess of 82% and this percentage is rising annually. Since inception a considerable number of Bahraini personnel have been trained to take up permanent senior positions in the company’s organization. In addition, the GPIC Training Centre arranges a large number of development courses every year to ensure a well-educated workforce, able to meet the high technology demands of the international petrochemical industry. In-house training is complimented by the use of local and international institutions, together with company sponsorship of staff in local and overseas universities. The company is strongly committed and believes in equal employment opportunities for both men and women. The steps taken by the company in this regards are highlighted by the rising numbers of women employees on the company payrolls every year.

 

The Training Centre at GPIC has state of the art facilities to train its employees and keep them abreast of the latest developments in the field of fertilizers and petrochemicals. There is a top class theatre hall, a central library, plant models, training simulators, audio visual centre, class rooms and the E-learning centre which is the first of its kind in the entire Arabian Gulf region. In 2008 GPIC was honored the First Place for “The outstanding Companies in Training and Human Resources Development – 2008 Awards” by the Ministry of Labor, Kingdom of Bahrain. In 2009, GPIC has been awarded the Middle East ‘Best Learner Adoption Statistics’ Award in the category of Biggest Usage Statistics by a Company for e-Learning Solution Users from CAFE-ME.

Safety and Health

 

Safety assumes special importance in the petrochemicals industry due to the nature of processes that employ flammable gases, high pressures, electrical risks and the presence of high-speed machines. For this purpose, GPIC employs a stringent risk management policy that has resulted in achieving more than 8 million hours without any lost-time accidents. GPIC’s record of achievements in safety is outstanding by all standards.

 

The Company has won eight consecutive golden awards from the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accident (RoSPA) U.K. In 2001, GPIC won the international sector award for the petrochemical industry from RoSPA. These achievements were further complemented when GPIC won the prestigious Sir George Earle Trophy from RoSPA in 2005, which is awarded to an organization for the most outstanding Performance in Occupational Safety and Health worldwide. It is notable that GPIC has become the first organization outside Europe and North America to be awarded with this prestigious Trophy. In the final round of this award, GPIC competed with international giants such as Shell, Toyota and General Electric. In 2008, GPIC was awarded the Robert Campbell Safety Award from the National Safety Council, USA in recognition for the company’s strict adherence to and constant developments of its occupational health and safety systems. The company also won the highly acclaimed International Safety award from the British Safety Council in addition to the 2008 Excellence Award in Chemical Sector for Occupational Health and Safety from the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA) UK.

 

GPIC Complex is supported by a modern health centre managed by an experienced doctor, assisted by qualified nurses and equipped with the stat of the art medical equipment. The centre provides its services 24 hours a day throughout the week. These services include primary care, first aid and periodical checkups for all employees.

 

A large number of the company staff has also been trained as qualified first aiders to assist the health centre when needed. Furthermore, the centre in coordination with the labour union regularly organizes blood donation campaigns to supplement reserves at the Blood Bank of the Ministry of Health.

 

The Management has also appointed a Health Committee which regularly inspects the canteen premises and other food outlets at the complex to ensure that highest level of hygiene is maintained. The Committee also organizes a number of lectures annually to cover various health issues.

 

Environmental Protection

 

Since its inception, Gulf Petrochemical Industries Company has felt the need for maintaining environmental balance. The Project’s environmental impact was thoroughly examined and studied. All the necessary measures and steps were than taken to maintain such a balance. Although more than 26 years have passed since the plants went on stream, all the plants are still operating according to the strictest local and international environmental standards.

 

The Urea plant, which came into operation in 1998, was subjected to the same of environmental review at the design stage. GPIC insisted on installing a granulation process for the production of final solid product rather than the more conventional prilling process despite the higher cost of construction and licensing. The choice of this technology has paid off and has resulted in reduced emissions of urea dust.

 

In 2007, The International Dilmun Award was launched. This environmental award is sponsored by GPIC as part of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA) awards programme. The name ‘Dilmum’ was given to reflect the history of Bahrain and in recognition of GPIC’s commitment and contribution to safety, health and the environment

In 2008, GPIC became one of the first Petrochemical companies in the Middle East to embark on the 450 tonnes/day Carbon Dioxide Recovery (CDR) Project. The project was initiated to cut down Green House gas emissions and improve the overall efficiency of resources by having additional production of Methanol and Urea at its complex. 

GPIC Environmental Projects:

 

1. Charity Garden:

 

 

 

GPIC launched its environmental programme in March 1992 with a Charity Garden. Built on an area of 1,500 m2, this garden yielded more than 14 tonnes of vegetables and fruits that were donated to charities and families in need. Recently, Fruit trees and date palms have also been added to enhance the output of the Charity Garden.

 

2. Fish Farm:

 

 

 

With the aim of demonstrating environmental accountability, setting a good example to other industries and replenishing dwindling fish reserves in regional waters, the company embarked on constructing a fish farm close to the sea water outlet in November 1996. Different kinds of tropical fish to found in Bahrain’s waters, like Black Sea Bream (Shim), Mullet (Meid) and Rabbit fish (Saffee) are being reared and bred in the fish farm so that their growth can take place in a congenial atmosphere. Later these fish are released into the sea. GPIC management also ensures that some of the fish harvested go to charity.

 

3. Bird Sanctuary:

 

 

 

The evident improvement in the environment around GPIC has encouraged GPIC’s management to further enhance its special focus on the surroundings and especially Bahrain’s bird life. The bird sanctuary was commissioned on 9th September 2001 where a small nesting area and fresh pond have been created for the birds to enjoy a natural habitant with a view to maintaining striving to improve the environment around the GPIC complex.

 

4. Herbal and Medicinal Plants Garden:

 

 

 

To demonstrate the eco friendliness of its operations, GPIC has implemented a number of projects inside and outside its complex, the latest of which is the Herbal and Medical Plants Garden inaugurated on 9th May 2005 under the patronage of His Highness Shaikh Abdullah bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Governor of the Southern Governorate and Chairman of the Public Commission for the Protection of Marine Resources, Environment and Wildlife. Covering an area of 1200m2, this innovative project was launched with the prime objective of preserving indigenous herbs and plants that were once used by inhabitants to treat various illnesses. The garden currently encompasses 20 types of herbs and shrubs. This garden has also become a very useful platform for researchers, school students and dignitaries from which to benefit. These efforts have contributed greatly to GPIC winning several accolades including the GCC Environmental Award for the Best Establishment Adhering to Environmental Legislations.  

5. H.H Shaikha Sabika bint Ibrahim Al Khalifa Aromatic Plants Garden:

In March 2009 Her Highness Shaikha Sabika bint Ibrahim Al Khalifa wife of His Majesty the King opened the Aromatic Plants Garden at the GPIC Complex bearing her name. This is a unique garden mainly designed to feature all the perfumed aromatic plants and herbs in the Kingdom. 

GPIC contribution to the National Economy

 

From the onset of production in 1985, GPIC has increased its profitability year after year and paid generous dividends to the shareholders. Furthermore, out of the 473 employees, more than 81% are Bahraini nationals who contribute directly to the national economy. Local contractors and suppliers are also given priority to supply and carry out services, thus further invigorating the local economy. Moreover, GPIC also donates more than One million US Dollars annually to scientific research institutions, charities, cultural and sport activities. To complement all the above, GPIC also shares its experience with other organizations and institutions to modernize education, training, safety and environmental systems at the national level, enhancing further its support to the economy. The company is also well represented in the national teams, committees reviewing and developing safety, training, education and environmental legislation in the country.

 

Towards the Future

 

GPIC looks towards the future with confidence and fervor. The management strongly believes that their approach of a safe, reliable and profitable industry while at the same time taking responsible care of the environment at all times, is a practical and successful model that will ensure a healthy future for generations to come. GPIC has proven beyond doubt that a petrochemical industry can successfully co-exist with high profile environmental care. New developments and changes will come to the complex in the future but the company shall keep following the proven path of sustainable development to ensure maximum benefit for the Kingdom of Bahrain, the people and the environment.

 

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Fakhro Attorneys & Legal Consultants – Practice Areas

February 21, 2011

Banking & Finance:
Bahrain’s status as the financial capital of the Middle East has brought international financial institutions flocking to this island country. In 2002 the Central Bank of Bahrain integrated under its regulatory wing all of banking & finance, insurance and capital markets.

In this sector, we are able to provide both local and international clients with a wide range of legal services such as:

  • Setting up financial institutions inclusive of advising on legal structure, drafting of constitutive documents, liaising with the regulatory authorities in order to obtain the necessary approvals and licenses, registration of the institution;
  • Review of financial agreements, such as financing/loan agreements, to ensure compliance with local law;
  • Provision of legal advice regarding marketing of collective investment schemes;
  • Provision of interpretative advice on laws and regulations affecting the banking/financial sector such as disclosure standards, reserves, reporting requirements and regulations issued by the Central Bank of Bahrain via their circulars (collected now in Rule Books);
  • Conduct legal due diligence;
  • Litigation – such as cases involving loan payment default.

 

Corporate & Commercial:
History and geography have played an important role in contributing to Bahrain’s position as a major commercial center. Fought over by world seafaring powers due to its strategic position in the Arabian Gulf, this island is still considered today a major commercial hub. More than ever before, Bahrain and the other Gulf states are open to business, and have attracted a multitude of foreign investors to the region. In such a burgeoning business climate we recognize that we can play an important role in providing advice and guidance to both international and local entities. Among the services we provide are:

  • Incorporation of all forms of companies: provision of advice regarding appropriate form of legal structure to suit client’s business, drafting of constitutive documents, assisting in obtaining necessary approvals/permits from regulatory authorities, registration of companies;
  • Registration of branch and representative offices of foreign companies;
  • Assisting foreign companies in drafting, review and negotiation of agency, franchise and distribution agreements, provision of legal advice in respect of agency laws;
  • Providing guidance on laws related to company administration, drafting agendas and minutes for general assembly meetings;
  • Dissolution, liquidation of companies;
  • Provision of advice in relation to shareholder disputes, and laws regulating share sale/purchase;
  • Drafting/review of commercial contracts such as sale/purchase agreements, distribution agreements, etc;
  • Provision of advice in respect of commercial mortgages, commercial papers;
  • Litigation: non-payment of debt, non-performance of services, etc.

 

Environmental:
With the recent promulgation of several laws regarding the environment it is important for companies involved in industry to keep a close eye on emerging legislation. We, at Fakhro Attorneys & Legal Consultants provide such services including:

  • Provision of interpretative advice to both individuals and corporations on emerging environmental legislation;
  • Advice to company management regarding establishing corporate environmental policies and implementing environmental management systems which necessarily includes assessment of regulatory compliance, raising awareness among employees and management alike of environmental laws and standards, integrating environmental responsibilities into the organizational structure;
  • Filing civil claims on behalf of companies and individuals suffering from damages resulting from environmental offenses committed by offending institutions or individuals;
  • Acting as defense counsel for companies, directors, and individuals charged with environmental law offenses.

 

Intellectual Property:
In a world where intellectual property is now considered by businesses and individuals to be one of their most important assets, it has become increasingly important to protect such property rights from infringers. Although the Middle East countries have lagged behind industrialized countries in this respect, the signing of international agreements such as TRIPS has galvanized this region to step up protection of such property rights. Our intellectual property practice spans the following areas:

  • Patents
  • Trademarks
  • Copyright
  • Trade Secrets

We assist clients in the procurement, protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights including:

  • Assisting in registration of such rights;
  • Review of license agreements;
  • Litigation – in cases of infringement;
  • Alert clients to intellectual property issues to be included in various agreements such as employment agreements.

 

Labor/Employment:
At a time when mega projects such as the Bahrain World Trade Centre, Bahrain Financial Harbor, Durrat Al Bahrain and Amwaj Islands are steaming ahead, and where a rising population of youngsters line up to enter the labor market in an ever expanding economy, and at a time when government policy seems to be steering towards increased Bahranisation of the workforce, there is a need more than ever before to understand and keep up to date with the labor laws. In this respect, we are able to provide the following services:

  • Drafting and negotiating employment contracts including non-compete agreements;
  • Drafting internal regulations, employee handbooks;
  • Securing Intellectual Property rights in employees work product;
  • Litigation: defending employers against employee claims and filing cases on behalf of employees who have not been granted their full legal rights by employers;
  • Advising on labor redundancy issues associated with office closures;
  • Advising on laws regarding Bahranisation of the work force;
  • Advice on laws affecting non-Bahraini employees;
  • Drafting settlement agreements for employer/employee disputes.

 

Litigation:
When a client comes to us with a problem, we provide advice particularly suited to the facts of the case. Not all cases can be won, no matter how smart the lawyer, and when faced with such a situation, we keep our clients fully informed and leave the final decision up to them. Our litigation practice spans the numerous practice areas we mentioned, such as commercial, intellectual property, marine, and labor. Our litigation services include:

  • Assessment of the facts and provision of report to client containing legal analysis and options, including settlement if applicable;
  • Should client decide to go forward with litigation, we prepare the statement of claim which client reviews prior to its submission in Court Register;
  • We keep the client informed at all times of court hearing dates, content of defense memoranda submitted in Court, Judge interim decisions, up until the final judgment is passed;
  • We inform the client of the appeals process, and go forward with the appeal if decided upon by the client;
  • Finally, enforcement of Court judgments.

 

Marine:
Being an island country, shipping and maritime business have always been central to Bahrain. The country is frequented by ships from all over the world, hence the importance of understanding our maritime laws. Our practice includes advising on:

  • Cargo loss & damage
  • Personal injury

 

Real Estate:
Bahrain is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. With constant dredging operations in the sea and the construction of man-made islands, Bahrain has witnessed a recent increase in land size, which has prompted a flurry in construction. With projects underway such as the Bahrain World Trade Centre, Bahrain Financial Harbor, Durrat Al Bahrain and Amwaj Islands among others, all of which has drawn the interest of foreigners to the region, especially due to the fact that recent legislation has now allowed the purchase of land and real estate by foreigners in certain marked areas, it has become of utmost importance to keep abreast of the development in real estate legislation. Our practice includes:

  • Provision of advice to foreign individuals/companies wishing to buy property in Bahrain;
  • Drafting of rental contracts for lessor/lessee;
  • Litigation – eviction for nonpayment of rent, or defense in case of unfair eviction;
  • Provision of advice to lessors and lessees alike concerning their rights and obligations.

 

Social Insurance/Pensions:
Further to providing legal services in the labor/employment practice area, we also provide guidance and advice to both employers and employees alike regarding social insurance laws and pensions such as:

  • Insurance against employment injuries
  • Insurance against old age, disability, death

This Piece is taken from the website of Fakhro Attorneys & Legal Consultants.

See on-line at: http://www.fakhrolaw.com/practice.html

Durrat al-Bahrain – Durrat al-Bahrain and the Environment

February 21, 2011

ENVIRONMENT

Durrat Al Bahrain and the Environment
From the outset, maintaining an environmental balance was an important criterion of the Durrat al Bahrain scheme. We commissioned Atkins, an internationally recognised environmental consultant to provide environmental and ecological expertise. They meticulously undertook both marine and land development Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) in accordance with Environmental Authorities stipulations.

EIAs assess all impacts relating to the design, construction and long-term existence of the project, and identify measures to protect and mitigate any adverse consequences on the local environment.

Atkins completed a number of studies such as ecological surveys, water flow systems through the resort, water quality monitoring and species recording, such as dolphins and bird life, as well as other species unique to Bahrain which visit the land and waters in and around the project. The results of these investigations identified where environmental compensation was required and how to incorporate proposals into the design to benefit the environment.

We are compliant with the environmental laws and regulations of Bahrain and the region and maintain our own stringent Environmental Management Plan. DKAB’s environmental commitment extends to all aspects of the project, from design to the construction and operation of the project. Our client representative, Bovis, and environmental specialists, Atkins, audit our contractors on a monthly basis to ensure compliance to their own Environmental Management Plans and to the law.

DKAB’s environmental commitment also extends to supporting the local community. For example, we have sponsored the Bahrain Centre for Studies and Research to design and maintain a website on Bahrain’s marine life and endangered species.

The study will update records of endangered species with a view to protecting those living in Bahrain waters such as dugongs and turtles. Atkins has proposed an environmental enhancement plan to include the planting of mangroves, bird conservation activities and establishing reefs.

Mangroves are a threatened species in Bahrain and the proposed planting in suitable locations around the resort will safeguard the long-term survival of mangroves. We have also been successful in retaining Hidd Al Jamal, an existing piece of the mainland in which white cheeked terns, flamingos, and Socotra cormorants are known to nest on and visit frequently.

We also expect the islands themselves to create new habitats for fish and other aquatic species and we are considering deploying reef balls to provide additional habitats as well as offering an additional attraction for swimmers and divers.

On-going monitoring demonstrates our dedication to the environmental importance of the site and surrounding areas. We take every effort, precaution and measure to protect the environment on Durrat Al Bahrain and to demonstrate that development and environment can exist harmoniously together.

This piece is taken from the website of Durrat al-Bahrain.

See on-line at: http://www.durratbahrain.com/en/project/environment.html

The Bahrain Environmental Code of Conduct for the Middle East

February 20, 2011

The Multilateral Working Group on the Environment of the Middle East peace process initiated at Madrid in October 1991,

Based upon the discussions which have taken place in the
Cairo Consultative Group,

Reaffirming the role of the multilateral talks in promoting
confidencebuilding and cooperation among the regional parties in
the field of the environment,

Noting relevant international Declarations and instruments
on the environment and sustainable development; and recognizing,
in particular, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
and Agenda 21 adopted in 1992,

Recognizing that, in view of the inseparable relationship between humans and their environment, all aspects of the human environment, be they natural or manmade, are essential to the wellbeing and the enjoyment of basic human life,

Convinced of the need for the protection and conservation of the environment and natural resources in the region,

Recognizing that in view of transboundary effects of many environmental problems, each party needs to take into consideration effects upon other parties in pursuing its own developmental and environmental policy,

Also recognizing the need for passing on to the future generations of the region a safe, sound and healthy environment as well as the fruits of economic development,

Recognizing the unique environmental characteristics to the Middle East,

Declares as follows:

* This document was endorsed by the Middle East Peace Process Environmental Working Group on October 25th, 1994 in Bahrain

PRINCIPLES
1. The regional parties proclaim the following principles:
(1) Natural resources of the region should be utilized on a sustainable basis, and unique environmental resources to the region should be preserved.
(2) The parties will strive for a fair and just utilization and coordinated management policies of the shared natural resources in the region.
(3) The parties have the right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their own environmental and developmental policies, and the responsibility to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the environment of other parties.
(4) The parties have the responsibility to avoid activities of adverse effect and risks to the environmental security in the region.
(5) Economic development should be in harmony with the protection and conservation of the environment, including preservation of ecological balance and safety of human health and well being. The parties will promote cooperation in the protection and conservation of the environment.
(6) A comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the region, development and environmental protection are interdependent and indivisible.
(7) Regional parties will cooperate and seek the cooperation of other parties in the essential task of eradicating poverty as an indispensable requirement for sustainable development, in order to decrease the disparities in tandards of living and better meet the needs of the people in the region.
(8) Environmental issues are best handled with the participation of all concerned citizens and social sectors, at the relevant level. The parties shall facilitate and encourage public awareness and participation by making information widely available.

GUIDELINES
2. In order to pursue policies in accordance with the Principles, the regional parties should:
(a) enact effective environmental legislation. Environmental standards, management objectives and priorities should reflect the state of the environment in the Middle East, paying due consideration to geographical, topographical, and meteorological conditions as well as regional environmental problems such as water, air and marine pollution, waste management, desertification and nature conservation.
(b) develop and use environmental management tools such as environmental impact assessment, environmental risk management and monitoring systems, for domestic as well as transboundary impacts; in case of projects with possible transboundary effects, all regional parties involved should endeavour to cooperate on an environment impact assessment.
(c) strive for capacity building and human resource development, through environmental training and education.
(d) facilitate and encourage public awareness to broaden the basis for enlightened opinions and responsible conduct by individuals, enterprises and communities in protecting and improving the environment.
(e) coordinate their environmental policies with one another and cooperate in protecting the overall environment in the region in good faith and in a spirit of partnership.
(f) cooperate in promoting appropriate technology and capability to tackle environmental issues by joint projects, joint research and other activities where appropriate; facilitate the transfer of technology, knowhow, and information; notify one another of environmental situations that have regional or transboundary impacts.
(g) endeavour to promote the internalization of environmental costs and the use of economic instruments, taking into account the approach that the polluter should, in principle, bear the cost of pollution, with due regard to the public interest and without distorting international trade and investment.
(h) resolve all their environmental disputes peacefully and by appropriate means in accordance with the UN Charter and in conformity with relevant provisions of international law and declarations.

JOINT ACTIONS
3. The regional parties will join forces for the environmental protection and conservation and begin to work in the following fields:

Water: Protection of water quality should be given a top priority. Low
precipitation in the region makes it extremely important to maintain the quality of surface and ground water for both economic activities and human consumption.

Marine and coastal environment: The sea surfaces of the Middle East are both economic and environmental assets for the regional parties. They are most vulnerable to pollution, from land base sources and maritime
activities in particular. It is essential to apply advanced standards to eliminate these sources of pollution, and to cooperate in all possible ways to assure protection of coasts and biodiversity in waters.

Air: Economic activities particularly in the industrial, energy and
transport sectors are main sources for air pollution in the Middle East. Measures to prevent the degradation of air quality need to be taken.

Waste management: With rising standards and increasing economic activity, the regional parties may have to dispose of increasing amounts of waste in the future. The parties will need to: minimize waste, enact effective regulations for proper treatment, recycling and protection measures, and ensure safe waste preparedness arrangements in the region. Sewage, as a potential important resource, should be collected and treated to be reused for various purposes.

Desertification: The Middle East region is among those threatened by land
degradation including desertification, and preventive measures are urgently needed. To combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought in particular, effective cooperative actions are indispensable.

A REGIONAL FRAMEWORK
4. The parties recognize the need for regional cooperation in the field of environment in the Middle East. The parties will work towards the development of an appropriate framework for regional cooperation in the environmental area. Towards this end, it is important that the regional parties provide timely and early notification and relevant information on environmental situations that have regional impacts on potentially affected parties.

EXTRAREGIONAL ASSISTANCE
5. The extraregional parties, including international organization, are invited to assist the regional parties in their endeavours to achieve the goals and objectives of this Code.

PERIODIC REVIEW
6. This Code should be brought to the attention of all concerned parties so that they assume their share of responsibility, individually or jointly to ensure that the objectives of the Code are met. The parties will periodically assess the effectiveness of the Code of Conduct and revise it as appropriate.

End

See on-line at: http://www.mofa.go.jp/region/middle_e/peaceprocess/ewg/bcc.pdf

Universe Environment Bahrain B.S.C.

May 1, 2010

Recycling for Charity (RFC) is actively placing recycling banks in the Kingdom of Bahrain. The goal is to install 75 banks in the first stage, and strategically place them at supermarkets, cinema complexes and leisure destinations where it will be easy for all members of the community to visit. We plan to introduce recycling to those who are not familiar with it, and encourage residents to make it a part of their daily life.

A nationwide educational program to help foster awareness of recycling and its benefits amongst the young generation has been embarked. The goal is to promote ways of saving the environment which not only educates the children but also encourages them to spread the importance of recycling and environmental concerns to their families.

The recycling banks are emptied regularly, resources are processed and sold off to the local and world market. For every ton of material processed and sold, about BHD15 will be donated to local charities. That might not sound like much, but the plant will soon reach the maximum capacity to process 65,000 tons a year in 24/7 operation – about 10% of all recyclable waste produced in Bahrain and currently buried in landfill.

Scope of Project: Design, Business Development and Management
Headquarter Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain
Target market: Kingdom of Bahrain
Business Collection, Processing & Sales of Recyclates
Authorized Capital: 1,000,000 BHD
Project Volume: 2,500,000 BHD
Share: 10%
Website: http://www.recycling-for-charity.com

This piece is taken from the website of Universe Projects.

See on-line at: http://test.universe-projects.com/projects/universe-environment-bahrain-b-s-c-c