Archive for the ‘The Jordan Society for Sustainable Development (JSSD)’ Category

The Jordan Society for Sustainable Development (JSSD) – Aqaba Birds observatory ABO

April 1, 2010

Preserving part of the natural heritage and biodiversity, connecting the private sector into the Governmental plans for tourism and development as well as involvement and local communities in the development aspects are the pillars upon which JSSD has established the Aqaba birds observatory.

The green areas of Aqaba, particularly the relatively dense vegetation and open ponds at the waste water treatment plant attract hundreds of thousands (possibly millions) of more than 350 different species of migratory birds every spring and autumn.  Migratory birds flying from Europe to Africa in autumn visit suitable habitats in Jordan to make final preparations (e.g. fat deposition and maintaining water balance) for the long journey across the Sahara desert. In spring, migrants tend to land at any suitable habitat in Jordan, Aqaba being the first station they encounter after a long journey over the deserts of North Africa.

Objectives of establishing the Aqaba Birds Observatory

  1. Maintain and preserve habitats that of global importance for birds.
  2. Develop Aqaba as focal point for birds watching and ecotourism activities on both national and international levels.
  3. Environmental education and increase the public awareness of the locals and visitors toward the importance of Aqaba for global birds migration.
  4. Scientific monitoring & Research to create database for birds and their migration.


The observatory provides all necessary infrastructures to meet the objects upon which the observatory established. To manage the site and the visitors, a visitors center is constructed which also have an interpretation and education room where the majority of the education and the awareness programs will be implemented. The observatory has a research facility that will be used as a research center. Walking trails in the observatory will lead to the bird’s hide, the major spot for watching birds. In addition, the observatory includes a nature garden that educates the visitors about the native plants that occur at Aqaba area and will support resident birds that depend on such habitats.

This piece is taken from the website of the Jordan Society for Sustainable Development (JSSD).

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The Jordan Society for Sustainable Development (JSSD) – The Ambient and Personal Exposure to PM2.5

April 1, 2010

Concentrations and Chemical Composition

Jordan Society fro Sustainable Development (JSSD) always seeks to participant in improvement of environmental quality and helps the society in building capacity in different aspects of sustainable development. For that JSSD is collaborating with Royal Scientific Society, (RSS) a Jordanian NGO conducting ambient air monitoring (PM2.5) at major urban areas of Jordan 

The association between ambient fine particles (PM2.5) concentration and a wide variety of cardiopulmonary health outcomes including premature mortality and lung cancer has been documented in numerous studies.

To date, no studies have been conducted in the Middle East to examine real-time exposure to fine particles (PM2.5) and their impact on the public health and environmental safety while most of studies examining air pollution exposure have been concentrated in the U.S. and Western Europe.

Jordan Society for Sustainable Development (JSSD) has designated a project to conduct ambient air monitoring at the level of PM2.5 at the major urbanized cities in Jordan.

The Aim of study and the Specific Objectives:

The aim of the study is to measure the outdoor and indoor personal exposures to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) at locations spanning a wide range of urban development in Jordan.

The study further aims to identify sources of these particles and to provide scientific information about ambient fine particulate matter so that issue of air quality can be addressed by political decision makers at the national level

Specific Objectives:

  1. To conduct monitoring of ambient PM2.5.

  2. To characterize the chemical composition of ambient PM2.5 and identify sources;

  3. To characterize continuous personal exposures to PM2.5 for cohorts living in urban and rural populations;

  4. To examine the associations between ambient PM2.5 from various sources and personal exposure;

  5. To estimate potential health risks to sensitive populations in each of the sampling environments.

 Benefits & Advantage

This study is innovative in the field of ambient air monitoring because its initiates new research approach, build local capacity in sensitive trace analysis and allocate adequate equipments to conduct similar studies that will contribute to the improvement  of  environmental quality in the future.

This piece is taken from the Jordan Society for Sustainable Development (JSSD).

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The Jordan Society for Sustainable Development (JSSD) – Assessment of Anthropogenic Impact On Biodiversity in Araba Valley

April 1, 2010

The Araba valley constitutes one area which rich biodiversity mandates energetic conservation efforts. The valley is a small part of the Syrian-African Rift Valley, stretching from the southern tip of the Dead Sea to the Red Sea. Despite the harsh climate Araba Valley supports a series of habitats with an extremely rich variety of flora and fauna, Araba Valley has a particular zoological importance because it serves as a biological filter between the palearctic, Ethiopian, and oriental regions.

In December 2002 JSSD has conducted a 3 years project that aims to:

  1. To produce a series of biotic maps of the southern Araba based on currently available data.
  2. To identify different landscape units in the study area.
  3. To determine the distribution of different organisms and their relationship to the above landscape units
  4. To identify and map anthropogenic disturbance in the study area
  5. To produce a map of ecological sensitivities that characterize vulnerable biological landscape units in the southern Araba
  6. To design a tentative plan to conserve biodiversity in the study area depending on ecological sensitivity maps.

Specific taxa have been chosen to clarify the disturbance impact on biodiversity which include Mammals, Birds, insects, and reptiles. Such groups are used as an indicator for levels and types of disturbance in the Araba Valley. 

Field work continued for 2 years in several sampling units, which fulfill the following criteria: richness of species, adjacent to agriculture and residential development, and control groups for these target landscapes.

 It is important to consider the magnitude of the existing challenge to bio-diversity. This requires a synthesis of the sensitivity maps with the anthropogenic disturbance. The actual overlay of the two will reveal existing loci of tension and challenges for the conservation work. It will also provide an excellent basis for predicting the likelihood of threatened species survival over the long run, giving the best sustain development patterns and activities. In the future planning for the Arab Valley 

 The project end with creation of sensitivity maps by GIS unit in JSSD that will help the planners and the decision makers regarding the land use of the area in the future.

This piece is taken from the website of the Jordan Society for Sustainable Development.

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The Jordan Society for Sustainable Development (JSSD) – About Us

April 1, 2010

Background and Mission:

The Jordan Society for Sustainable Development (JSSD) is an environmental non-governmental organization established in Amman, Jordan, in 1997. Under the guidance of HRH Prince Firas ben Raad, founder and president of JSSD, the organization is dedicated to promoting the principles and policies of sustainable development in Jordan.

JSSD has adopted the U.N. definition of sustainable development as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

Through ongoing research, public awareness campaigns, international, and public policy recommendations, JSSD hopes to foster a thoughtful approach to ensuring Jordan’s socioeconomic development within a framework of protecting its rich natural, cultural, and economic resources for future generations.


1) Conduct research to further refine the principles of sustainable development and their specific application to Jordan and the surrounding region;
2) Establish and maintain a database to assist local efforts for sustainable development
3) Coordinate with international organizations to keep informed about developing sustainability techniques, increase the visibility of the challenges Jordan faces and ensure comprehensive solutions, and participate within the global community to share information, resources, and benefits

4) Conduct awareness campaigns to educate the public schools, communities, businesses regarding the principles and benefits of sustainable development
5) Establish a dialog with local governments to elicit their participation, support and implementation of policies that respect both the need for socioeconomic growth and the principles of sustainable development .

This piece is taken from the website of the Jordan Society for Sustainable Development.

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