Archive for April, 2010

Qatargas Company – Environmental Adventures at Qatargas

April 25, 2010

At Qatargas, we are committed to a cleaner, healthier environment for all creatures to enjoy. We help protect the environment in many ways. Join Green Salamah, our Enviro Camel, for a tour of our exciting projects!

Building Ecoreefs

Coral reefs are fragile, important habitats that are home to nearly 25% of all known marine life. Qatar’s coral communities have been severely damaged by natural changes in the ocean’s temperature. Qatargas is helping damaged coral communities off Ras Laffan to recover by building an artificial reef out of ceramic modules known as “EcoReefs®.”

EcoReefs® mimic the branching corals that make up a natural coral reef. They are used around the world for improving and restoring habitat. The modules help the reef to recover by providing a safe home for fish and other reef creatures, and a structure for young corals to grow on.

Studying Sea Turtles

The hawksbill sea turtle is an endangered species that lays its eggs on Qatar’s beaches. To help protect them, Qatargas and Ras Laffan City (RLC) have been studying the turtles and keeping their nesting grounds safe from disturbances.

Releasing Sea Snakes

Sea snakes are very poisonous but docile marine creatures that can grow up to 2 m long! They often get trapped in the pipes that take cooling seawater into Qatargas’ LNG plant. Qatargas releases the snakes in a safe location, and is helping to study these mysterious creatures we know so little about.

Reducing Smog

When the giant condensate tankers are being loaded at Ras Laffan Port, vapours called “volatile organic compounds” (VOCs) are produced that can contribute to smog. Qatargas is leading the design of a system that will destroy these vapours by burning them before they can pollute the air. The system is called a Common VOC Control system.

Smokeless Flaring

The small flame you see burning out of a tall pipe at the Qatargas LNG plant is called a “flare.” Flaring is a very important part of the plant’s safety system. The flame shows that the plant is operating normally, and provides a safety valve for excess gas to quickly leave the plant. Qatargas uses modern steam-assisted flaring technology to reduce the smoke and emissions produced by burning gas.

Banishing Barnacles

When huge numbers of barnacles cling to the hulls of Qatargas’ LNG transport ships, they slow the ships down. Traditionally, the ship’s hulls were painted with tin-based paint that was toxic to barnacles and other marine creatures. To protect the environment, Qatargas has switched to a special slippery, silicon-based paint that the barnacles can’t stick to and that is not harmful to marine life.

We Recycle

Recycling is a great way to conserve resources and reduce garbage. At Qatargas, we recycle paper, cardboard, waste oils, scrap wood, waste concrete, scrap metal, used oil and plastic drums, batteries and plastics. If you live in the Al Khor Housing Community, you know all about our recycling programme!

This piece is taken from the website of Qatargas Company.

See on-line at: http://www.qatargas.com/Safety.aspx?id=192#Building_Ecoreefs

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Qatar Chemical Company Ltd. – Environmental

April 25, 2010

Q-Chem had acknowledged the fact that the world’s consumption rate of resources is growing exponentially, involving the utilization of more energy, production of more waste, discharge of more pollutants to the environment, all that contributes to the world’s major problems like greenhouse gases, global worming, ozone depletion, acid rain, bio-diversity, etc. Those were acknowledge at the very earliest stages, when designers and project installation team adopted the state-of-art top technologies and operational philosophies to reduce all associated impacts with our production, storage and shipping works. The local authorities in Qatar have been using Q-Chem as a role model for newer and older facilities for the lots of good things we did and will continue to do for our environment and following are only some examples:

Q-Chem has one of the best sulphur recovery efficiencies in sour gas in Qatar , with an efficiency of (99.7%). Still, environmental engineering section in Q-Chem works closely with Production group to enhance this and minimize emissions to environment by modeling the emissions of the different operational scenarios and coming up with the best philosophy of production to adopt as we change production or feed rates.

Q-Chem is the first company in Qatar to adopt the Leak Detection & Repair (LDAR) program for the volatile organic carbons (VOCs) to its full scale for +14000 fugitive sources. This program assists maintenance in finding any leaking source in the plant at the earliest stage for immediate repairing.

Q-Chem was the first company in Qatar to operates solid & liquid hazardous waste incinerator with a destruction efficiency of 99.99%. This minimizes our waste disposals to the landfills and converts our potential hazardous wastes to stabilized ones before safe storing.

Q-Chem continue to enhance waste recycling and management ways by controlling each and every produced waste from the point of origin to the final safe storage or disposal point. During the first two years of operation, we have successfully managed to store on site 3155 m3 (of which 2025 m3 is wind blown sand used for beach erosion control), recycled 181 m3 of paper & scrap metals, incinerated 3025 m3 at our waste incinerator, and land filled 2755 m3 of waste and hence protecting the environment to the full extent possible.

Q-Chem managed to maximize the amounts of treated wastewater to be used internally as irrigation water and hence increasing the green belt size in 2004 in the plant from being 5%, as required by land lord, to 7% as seen in the picture above.

Q-Chem is the first company in Qatar to rehabilitate the eroded beaches of Qatar by collecting and transporting the wind blown sands from the plant site to the near by beaches. We managed to rehabilitate 450 m of the Norwegian Beach in Messaieed city.

Q-Chem is also one of very few companies that control and monitor the emissions at the point of discharge. We monitor all of the stacks, flares, process and sanitary wastewater treatment packages, seawater cooling water discharge, noise levels, and have trained & certified spill response team with two offshore spill response crafts, booms, skimmers, and solidifiers, and had trained and certified a HZMAT team for emergency response. All employees and contractors alike have to undergo the compulsory environmental awareness training before being admitted to work in the plant.

Like all other industries in Qatar , Q-Chem reports to the local authorities, land lord, and share holders on quarterly bases our environmental key performance indicators. We are proud to tell that we had so far exceeded our own expectations. Thanks to the supporting management and dedication for excellence. Q-Chem is committed to continue being a role model in the country.

This was an honor given to us that we will continue to treat as a privilege for a sustainable development to contribute actively in the development of our country.

Tips for you

How good are we in buying things?

Do we ask if the detergents we are buying are biodegradable? Do we check if the compressed gas items like insecticides and deodorants are CFC free before buying? Do we buy recycled papers or recycled plastic items? Do we buy vehicles that have catalytical reactors built in for minimum emissions? Do we buy one cleaning chemical that can do many things and not buy many chemicals each for one thing? And how much do we care when we use these chemicals? Do we buy dishwashers and laundry machines that use minimum water? And do we buy ovens or cockers that consumes minimum power or gas?

Are we preserving our resources, reusing & recycling them, and reducing our wastes?

Do we use as minimum water as much when we take a shower or shave? Do we use photocopiers to print on the two faces of the papers? Do we use the old papers as drafts to write on and not just tear off and throw away? And do we use dry cell recharge-able batteries to minimize waste?

How much responsible are we towards our environment?

Do we stop others from throwing waste on the roads or beaches? Do we stop others from throwing wastes out from their car windows? Do we warn others from leaving wastes uncollected behind on beaches or public parks before leaving? Do we throw used oil on the ground or in the sewer system? Do we throw away Nickel-Cadmium or Lithium batteries in the trash bin (those are recyclable)? And do you advise others of the right actions when you spot them contributing to an environmental problem?

Are we committed to protect our environment?

What have you done recently for your environment at home, school, or work? Have you raised a notification or complaint to any industry, which you believe is causing harm to your environment? Have you arranged or assisted in any environmental activity that had added benefits to your environment? And, if you were in position to take action, would you stop an activity that makes money but contributes to the pollution in your environment?

Are we aware of what may be polluting our environment and affecting our health and safety?

Not only visible smoke from a flare stack or oil from a water discharge or waste dumped on ground is called pollution. There are other sources which we cannot see or even feel, like, but not limited to, noise pollution, radioactivity, micro-waves from telecommunication towers, magnetic fields from ultra-high voltage power lines, heavy metals in wastes dumped to the sea, river, lake, or land, invisible gases emitted to the atmosphere from vehicles and industries, and naturally occurring ones like earthquakes, volcanoes, and tornadoes. The list may grow up unless we act fast and firmly. But, we certainly need to educate ourselves on each one of these and plan how we act as individuals, groups, organizations, and states to resolve problems with corrective and permanent protective actions. We shall all work hand-by-hand towards a clean, healthy, and safe environment for a pleasant life and for next generations to thank us all.

Are we aware of the overall picture?

The environmental problems can be divided into local (our state), regional (us and neighboring countries), and global (all livings on earth). These problems are mostly due to lack of awareness, irresponsible and unreasonable actions, negligence and lack of commitment that would always lead to accidents and loss of control. Examples of these would be soil & groundwater contamination, water and air pollution, spills, excessive flaring of industries, and affecting public health. Such problems would initiate another more serious environmental problems such as acid rain, global warming, catastrophic release of toxic gases or radioactive materials, ozone depletion, and emission of more greenhouse gases. These problems affect all living species and cause bio-diversity problem and sometimes-serious damage to the ecological system, beside the effects on humans, plants and animals health. Companies and industries causing these accidents and environmental pollution also suffer from that, as they lose money cleaning up, paying penalties, high insurance and legal fees, and above all, lose their image and reliability.

What is Q-Chem doing?

Q-Chem’s objective is to operate safely, reliably, and to protect the environment. Our mission is to meet and exceed the expectations of our customers, shareholders, employees, and community and we vision that by being a premier producer of petrochemicals to our respective markets while protecting the environment. We have an inclusive environmental awareness program for our employees and contractors, adopt the most stringent standard set by local authorities and shareholders, and use the most advanced environmental tools and programs not only to be operating safe in our environment, but also to be rehabilitating it from any past impact. We trust we are investing for the future and trust that the revenue is worth.

This piece is taken from the website of the Qatar Chemical Company Ltd.

See on-line at: http://www.qchem.com.qa/internet/envi.asp

RasGas Company – Environment & Society

April 25, 2010

Environmental Commitment

As a pacesetting company, RasGas is proactive in environmental issues, seeing its responsibility for the preservation and development of the environment as a core commitment.

The Environment

RasGas has implemented a comprehensive and integrated management system to control the safety, health and environmental risks inherent in RasGas’ business. Known as RasGas Elements for Excellence (RGEE), it provides a framework of policies, procedures and continuous improvement processes that enables RasGas to maximise the safety and welfare of people, property and the environment.

As a pacesetting company, RasGas is proactive in environmental issues, seeing its responsibility for the preservation and development of the environment as a core commitment. It works with the State of Qatar and institutions such as the Supreme Council for the Environment and Natural Reserves (SCENR) and the University of Qatar on a range of innovative programmes, some directly concerned with the LNG industry and others more broadly affecting the natural environment of Qatar, such as air quality, waste recycling environmental awareness projects.

During 2004, for example, RasGas was one of the first Qatari companies to embark on the development of vapour recovery systems on all its liquid loading berths, designed to significantly reduce vented and flared emissions. RasGas has also implemented acid gas injection on three production trains, which will considerably reduce sulphur dioxide and carbon dioxide emissions.

The Al Khaleej Gas project (AKG) will also bring environmental benefits to Qatar by replacing some of the oil currently used in electricity generation and other applications. To minimise the environmental impact of the project itself, the major waste streams from processing AKG gas (acid gas and produced water) are both reinjected into subsurface reservoirs.

Meanwhile RasGas has taken a lead role in setting up Ras Laffan Industrial City’s (RLIC) Waste Management Facility and, together with RLIC and Qatargas, it has established the Ras Laffan Environmental Association (RLEA). RasGas also initiated ozone modelling for RLIC and the Qatar Airshed Management Association (QAMA).

RasGas implements best practice industry processes throughout its internal operations. In January 2006, for example, its environmental laboratory became the first in the State of Qatar to receive ISO (International Standards Organization) 17025 accreditation. The following month RasGas announced that its RGEE Management System had been recertified to ISO 9001:2000, OHSAS 18001:1999 and upgraded to ISO 14001:2004 standards. Achieving these recertifications was an important milestone and was consistent with RasGas’ commitment to continuous improvement.

Safeguarding the natural world

The coastline of Qatar is another focus of the company’s environmental efforts. Since a significant proportion of the country’s energy deposits lie in the shallow waters near the coastline, and development of these offshore reserves is the foundation for the State’s economic future, RasGas has formed an alliance with the University of Qatar to develop special conservation measures to ensure that all coastal disturbances are temporary and minimal in nature. Projects include developing an artificial reef structure for Qatar’s north-east coast, which has allowed the continued breeding success of the hawksbill turtle on the beaches near Ras Laffan, and supporting the Al Dhakhira Park project, which will be filled with indigenous flora and fauna, including some threatened species.

This piece is taken from the website of RasGas Company.

See on-line at: http://www.rasgas.com/l_2.cfm?L2_id=2

Friends of the Environment Center – Activities

April 25, 2010

Program Activities

A Flower Each Spring program targets all sectors of the Qatari society, citizens, and expatriates as well as the entire populations of the G.C.C. countries.

Information about Halopeplis Perfoliata (AlKheriza) will be presented to the public through all means of mass media and communication. Planned activities include a wide range of contests and events.
This year’s events:-

  • Fairs and Exhibitions: several fairs and exhibitions will be organized in public places inside Doha, with a view to informing the public about the importance of this plant. This will continue throughout the program with a final general Exhibition at the end of the program.
  • Field trips: weekly field trips will be organized for school students accompanied by their teachers & children by parents, including others who are interested to become acquainted with the plant in its natural habitat. Games and other educational information will be presented as well.
  • Symposia on Halopeplis Perfoliata: scientists and experts on Halopeplis Perfoliata in various countries of the GCC will be invited to participate in symposium organized by the program in Doha.

Contests on the Halopeplis Perfoliata plant:

  • Scientific research for youths: This contest is open to students of the age category 12-18 years from governmental and non-governmental schools, and community. They are to provide scientific studies and essays on Halopeplis Perfoliata. Their information must be supported and documented with references, pictures, and drawings in this competition.
  • Scientific research for adults: This competition is open to all adult individuals. Subject of contest includes scientific studies and essays on Halopeplis Perfoliata, as well as presenting a high stipulation in search of scientific articles on the plant.
  • Literary competition (a.k.a associate of environmental literature): Open to all writers and poets. Works of poetry and prose on Halopeplis Perfoliata are invited.
  • Fine arts competition: The contest welcomes fine art works on Halopeplis Perfoliata in painting, photography, posters, and sculptures. This is conduced in two levels, youth and adults. Children (less than 12 years), Youth (12-18 years), and Adults (19 years and older)
  • Painting (Children – Youth – Senior)
  • Photography (young adult)
  • Designs (young adult)
  • Solids (young adult)
  • Youth centers, Clubs, and School activity competition: This completion opens to all schools (governmental and non-governmental), and to all educational levels. Subjects of contest include school activities and programs related to Halopeplis Perfoliata. This is similar to the clubs and youth centers.

The assessment is based on the following elements:

  • The number of participants in the events of students or members
  • The number of activities (lectures, trips, competitions and awareness campaigns, exhibitions, and contribution to the cultivation of the Halopeplis Perfoliata).
  • Number of posts information by different means; the press – radio – TV – posters – publications (brochures).

Contest terms:

  • A form must be filled to participate.
  • All research papers, reports, and works should be submitted with supporting references and documentations.
  • All submitted works become the property of the A Flower Each Spring program and will not be returned.
  • Previous work and plagiarism will not be accepted.
  • The decision of the judges will be final and binding.
  • Winners of each contest will be announced and receive a prize at the closing ceremony of the program, and all participants will get a certificate of participation.
  • If the work was handed in as a group, the prize will be equally distributed to the participants.
  • A contestant may not participate in more that one contest.
  • See specific requirements for each contest on the entry form.
  • All entries should be submitted to FEC, Sunday-Wednesday, 8am-12pm and 5pm-9pm.
  • All entries must be completely filled and submitted along with the work to FEC on or before November 30th, 2010.

For inquiries, please contact us. You may find our contact information’s in the contact us page.

This piece is taken from the website of the Friends of the Environment Center.

See on-line at: http://www.fec.org.qa/en/viewpage.php?page_id=4

Friends of the Environment Center – Projects: A Flower for Each Spring Program

April 25, 2010

A flower for each Spring Program

Through the attention given by Her Highness Sheikha Mozah, Consort of His Highness the Emir of Qatar towards the issues of environmental awareness and the nation’s society. The Office of Her Highness under the banner of “Flower Each Spring” awareness campaign introduces the definition of plants by events conducted in cooperation with Friends of the Environment Center.

“Let us stand together in order to nurture and preserve the flowers. Continue growing and thrive on the roots of love and tender flowers, to mesmerize our vision around the beautiful mist.”

H.H. Mozah Bint Nasser Al Missned
Special acknowledgment:

The Friends of the Environment Center (FEC) wishes to express thanks to H. H. Sheikha Mouza Bint Nasser Al Missned.

The 2010 A Flower Each Spring Program is dedicated to the conservation of Halopeplis Perfoliata.
Acknowledgment:

Our committee would like to express its gratitude to The Ministries, Individuals, Companies, and Establishments who supports the events.

A flower each spring program appreciates and thanks the country’s Armed Forces, Division of Environmental Security for their continued support of the program, The Ministries and Public Institutions, as well as private supports that have contributed to the success of the events and activities of the program in 2010 among others programs. Special thanks to H.E. Sheikh Thani bin Abdullah Al Thani.

Thanks
Objectives of the program ‘A Flower Each Spring’:

  • To increase community awareness of the importance of vegetation in protecting the environment from degradation and desertification.
  • To give greater manifestations of joy and beauty of the environment.
  • To identify economic benefits and medical plants for good use.
  • Building a positive attitude toward the natural environment among young people.
  • Developing innovative capacity and creativity in the fields of environmental development, especially among children.
  • Strengthen regional and international efforts dedicated to preservation and development of natural resources.
  • Promotion of industrial activities on the exploitation of beauty enjoyed by the plant to decorate the industrial products, such as jewelery – pottery – furniture – clothes – wall coverings – packaging materials of all kinds; metal, wood and plastics, as a practical expression of concern for the environment plant.
  • Collection of documentation, of scientific information on plants in a country environment to enrich the data base through the promotion of scientific research.

This piece is taken from the website of the Friends of the Environment Center.

See on-line at: http://www.fec.org.qa/en/viewpage.php?page_id=12

Friends of the Environment Center – About Us

April 25, 2010

Who Are We

Friends of the Environment Center is located in Qatar, Doha. It is a non-profit organization seeking to enrich the concept of environmental conservation and community education. The center was established in October 1992. We have independent activities and events. All these projects are fund through the cooperation and support from companies and private institution.
Our Charter

Our belief consists of preserving the environment, to use and enjoy without harming its natural resources, land, and sea. We work sincerely to do our best in preserving the beautiful environment to remain clean and safe for our future generations.
Objectives of the Center

  • To create a greater environmental awareness among citizens and others, acquainting them with the characteristics of the country’s environment and how it relates to society, their impact on the evolution, and development.
  • Urge individuals to research and innovate in order to foster environmental cultural and advocacy.
  • Guide individuals towards the preservation of the environment and contribute to the protection from pollution, degradation, and extinction.
  • Encourage individual and collective initiatives that contribute to sustainable development.
  • To spread knowledge, skill development, sound environmental behaviors in the community, and installs a sense of responsibility in the protection of the environment.
  • Deepen the sense of the importance of environmental care as a basis in the process of sustainable development of society and the definition of the scientific concept of proper balance between development and environmental safety.

Center Units

The specified sections of the Friends of the Environment in recent years, has been canceled and the consolidation of these units are acting collectively without division.
Environmental Awareness Unit

The unit aims to educate the public about global environmental issues, with a focus on what matters to the regional environment of the Arabian Gulf region and the country environment in particular. It will be an important incentive for participation either directly or indirectly in the preservation of the environment and solving problems. Take into account the direct programs to all levels of decision makers through BMNFVE to the general public, giving particular importance to the role of women and children.
Environmental Health Unit

The unit aims to increase awareness of health among the members of the community to preserve the environment to remain clean and healthy. It implements special programs through various environmental elements, including the air, water, food, housing and sanitation.
General Service Unit

The unit aims to develop and organize training programs for participants in the public service through activities and skills appropriate to preserve the environment. This is done through the establishment of camps, and participating in local camps, regional and global programs. Including scientific, cultural, social and recreational matters related to the environment.
Environmental Heritage Unit

The unit aims to identify natural heritage sites, cultural and scientific studies on environmental influences on various archaeological sites. The unit searches ways to preserve them from deterioration to find the best ways to protect and manage them.
Reserves and Research Unit

It has become necessary to work on protection of plant species and wild animals from extinction and development, and this is what the aim of the unit is. It will identify the types of wildlife and to promote research and studies concerning the protected areas suitable for preservation and the creation of appropriate conditions for their growth and survival.
Friends of the Family Unit

The unit aims towards working on family fun of life in a clean environment, with the development of mental functions when all family members, especially mothers and children to achieve the integrity of the family and the environment.
International Relations Unit

The unit represents the liaison between the center and all international bodies and organizations. The issues addressed are about the environment; both on the regional or global level, and is the vantage of the window and see which countries and communities around us.
Environmental Information Unit

The unit seeks to work within the system, introducing important environmental sites to allow the center and users of its full uses of environmental information and thus stand on the latest developments in environmental conditions.

This piece is taken from the website of the Friends of the Environment Center.

See on-line at: http://www.fec.org.qa/en/viewpage.php?page_id=1

Law No. 30 of 2002 – Law of Environment Protection

April 25, 2010

Decree of law No. (30) year 2002
Issuance law of environment protection
We Hamad Bin – Khalifa – Al- Thani, Emir of the state of Qatar
After Pursuing the provisional amended constitution and in particular articles(23),(27),(37), thereof and the law decree (29) of year 1966, which stated the organization of Qatar maritime ports, and its amended laws.
And on law No. (8) – 1974, stated the general cleansing and its amended laws.
On law No.(9) – 1977, which stated the disregarded animals, and its amended laws and on law No.(3) 1975, which stated the typical, public, industrial, and commercial installations, and its amended laws.
And on decree in law No. (4) 1977, which stated the conservation of petroleum resources, and on the maritime law that issued in law No. (15) – 1980.
And on law No.(12) – 1981 that stated the agricultural quarantine, amended by law No.(6) – 1996.
And on law No. (4) –1983 that stated exploitation and protection of live sea resources in Qatar, and its amended laws.
And on law No. (1) – 1985 that stated the animal’s health and its amended laws.
And on law No. (10) – 1987 that stated public and private real estates, and its amended laws.
And on law No. (1) that stated organization of excavation of groundwater wells, and its amended laws.
And on law No. (1) – 1993, that stated the prohibition of agricultural lands and beach’s sand curettage that amended by law No. (33) – 1995.
And on law No. (19) – 1995 that stated the industrial organization.
And on law No. (32) – 1995, that stated prohibition of vegetal environment and components damaging.
And on law No. (13) – 1997 that stated the civil defense.
And on law No. (4) 2002 that stated the organization of hunting of terrestrial animals, birds and reptiles.
And on decree No. (55) – 1978 that stated the approval of Kuwait regional agreement for the cooperation in maritime environment protection for the pollution and the protocol of regional cooperation in control of oil pollution and other injurious materials in emergency cases.
And on decree No. (51) – 1988 that stated approval of the state of Qatar admission to the international agreement of establishment international fund for the compensation of damages resulting from oil pollution (Brucksell 1971).
And on decree No. (52) – 1988 that stated the approval of the State of Qatar admission to the agreement of the right of interference in case of accident causes oil pollution, or may cause oil pollution in high seas (Brucksell 1969) and its annexes.
And on decree No. (53) – 1988 that stated the approval of the State of Qatar admission to the international charter of civil responsibility of oil pollution damages (Brucksell 1969) that amended by a protocol – 1976.
And on decree No. (36) – 1989 that stated the approval of the protocol of maritime pollution resulting from exploration and exploitation of continental shelf.
And on decree No. (40) – 1992 that stated the determining of regional sea breadth of state of Qatar, and the neighboring areas.
And on decree No. (55) – 1992, that stated the protocol of maritime environment protection from pollution resulting from land sources.
And on the decree No. (15) – 1996, that stated the approval of the State of Qatar admission to pazell international agreement to command dangerous wastes transport and getting rid of them across the borders.
And on the decree No. (47) – 1996, that stated the approval of the admission to the Unites Nations setting agreement relating the change of climate.
And on the decree No. (90) – 1996, that stated the approval of biological variations agreement for 1992.
And on the decree No. (23) – 1999, that stated the approval of the State of Qatar admission to Vienna agreement 1985 concerning the protection of ozone stratum and Montreal executive protocol – 1987 that included the depleted materials of the ozone and its amendments for years 1990. 1992.
And on the decree No. (29) – 1999, that stated the approval of the State of Qatar admission to the international agreement to counteraction of desertification in the countries that suffer from acute draught or from desertification, especially in Africa.
And on resolution of Council of Ministers No. (17) – 1998, that stated, establish a permanent committee for emergency, and its amendments.
And on suggestion of Chairman of Supreme Council for the Environment and Natural Reserves.
And on the draft law introduced by the Council of Ministers.

Article (1)

To act according to the rules of environment protection law, this is attached with this law.

Article (2)

The Chairman of Supreme Council for the Environment and Natural Reserves issues, after coordinating with the specialized departments, the necessary decisions for the execution of the rules of the annexed law, in addition, he issues his executive regulation in a period not to exceed six month from the application date of the law.
All the ministries, the other governmental bodies, the corporations and the public departments, each in his field, has to issue the necessary determined rates and proportions to execute the rules of the annexed law, during the same period mentioned in the above Para.

Article (3)

The installations, established in the date of issuance of this law, should make adjustment for their situations according to the rules of the annexed law, during two years from the application date of the rules of its executive regulation and any extending for this period, subject to a decision from H.H the Emir due to a suggestion from the Chairman of the Supreme Council for the Environment and Natural Reserves.

Article (4)

To be cancelled, any rule disagreed with the rules of the annexed law.

Article (5)

To the whole related bodies, each in his field, to execute the rules of this law. To be implemented after six month from the date of publish in the official journal.
H- H
Hamad Bin Khalifa Al- Thani
Amir of the State of Qatar
Issued in Emiri chamber:
22/7/1423
29/9/2002

Environment Protection law
Introductory chapter
Definitions

Article (1)

In the application of rules of this law, to be for the following words and statements, the definitions indicated in front of each of them, unless the statement aimed to different meaning.
1. Council: The Supreme Council for the Environment and Natural Reserves.
2. General Secretariat: The General Secretariat of the Council.
3. The administrative authority: any ministry or other governmental body, or general corporation general assembly.
4. The authorized body: any body responsible of issuing licenses of functions practicing, or establishment of projects, which may expected to cause negative impacts on the environment.
5. The pure economical area: The area that extends to a distance of 200 nautical miles begins from the basic lines, from which starts the breadth of the regional sea.
6. The natural reserve: any area specified to shelter a kind of plants or animals, or birds, or sea live creatures that threatened by extinction, where elimination, hunting, or killing of these kinds is highly restricted, and a decision issued from the Council to mark out this area.
7. The Environment: The biosphere that includes the live creatures of humans, animal, and plant, and their surroundings of air, water, and soil, and that contains solid, liquid, or gases materials or radiations, and what established by human, like installations, industries or innovations.
8. Environment development: The policies and procedures that satisfy the everlasting development requirements in the State socially, culturally, and economically, and achieve the objectives and principles, that the law made for, also including the improvement of natural environment elements, and conservation of biological variation, historical, archeological, natural, current, and future heritage in the State.
9. Watery environment: The maritime environment and the inland waters including the groundwater, spring waters, and valleys, where there are natural resources, plants, fish, and other live creatures, and where there is air above and built in, installations, or fixed or mobile projects.
10. The maritime environment: The State Coasts, the sea, internal seas, the regional sea water, the neighboring area, the pure economical area and its depths, and all its components, live and inanimate creatures, where built in, installations or fixed and mobile projects.
11. Land sources: The municipal, industrial, agricultural fixed and mobile resources on land, which drainage reaches the maritime environment.
12. Environment Pollution: Any changes occur in environment characteristics, which lead directly indirectly to injure the live creatures or installations, or affect the human natural daily life.
13. Environment standard: The utmost limit for the degree of concentration of any of the pollutants in the different environment as an annual average and with utmost limit not allowed to be overtaken during a continuous hour without unbalancing the annual average value.
14. Deterioration of environment: The effect on environment that reduces its value, spoils its environmental nature, exhausts its resources, or injures both the life creatures or the installations.
15. Environmental catastrophe: The accident that caused by nature factors or man-made, which results to great damage in the environment.
16. Environment protection: The conservation of environment components and its development, and prevent its deterioration or pollution, or reduction of pollution frequency. These components consist of air, seas, and inland waters that include the groundwater, the terrain, the natural reserves, and the other natural resources.
17. Project or establishment: Any utility, project, foundation, or activity expected to be a source of pollution or environmental deterioration due to what determined by the executive regulation.
18. The environmental impact assessment: The study linked with the environmental feasibility analysis, which is made before the licensing of projects, which their construction or practicing of their functions may affect the safety of environment, to determine the potential environmental effects, and the appropriate, or control the negative effects, or maximize the positive inputs of the project upon the environment.
19. Environment protection measures: Limits or concentrations of pollutants that UN allowed to be overtaken in the natural environment components (the air – the water – the soil).
20. The dangerous materials: The solid, or liquid, or gas materials with dangerous characteristics that injure the man, animal, or plant health, or air, or perform a harmful impact on environment like poisonous, fragile, flammable, or of ionic radiations materials.
21. Dangerous wastes: The wastes of the different functions or operations, or their ashes, which composed of dangerous materials characteristics that has no subsequent original or alternative uses like clinical wastes from the medical functions and wastes resulting from manufacturing of pharmaceutical compounds, drugs, organic solubles, inks, paints, or jelly’s and creams.
22. Handling of materials: All that leads to move them for collecting transporting, storing, treating or using.
23. Wastes management: Collection and transport of wastes, and returning and removing them.
24. Re- operating of wastes: The operations that allow extraction of materials or re- using them. Like using as fuel, or extraction of minerals and organic materials, or soil treatment, or oils refining.
25. Disposal of Wastes: The operation that does not lead to extraction of materials or reusing them again, like the embedding in the ground, or deep injecting, or drain for surface waters, or any other operations.
26. Air pollution: Any changes in characteristics or specifications of natural fresh air, which cause damage or danger on humans and Environment health, whether this pollution caused by natural factors, or man made, including noise.
27. Public area: The area arranged to receive all or specific category of people for any reason, or reasons.
28. The enclosed public area: The public area, which has the shape of covered building, with no ventilation except doors and windows (outlets).
29. The semi- closed public area: an area as an uncompleted building linked directly with outer air, which prevents complete closing
30. Noise: sound with oscillation exceeds the allowed limits.
31. Vessel (ship): any type of ships work in the maritime environment, include hydroveel boats, boats with air-pads, underwater boats, lunches, Fixed, floating platforms.
32. Oil : all kinds of crude oil and its products, this include any type of liquid hydro-carbonate, lubes, fuels, refined oils, steamer oils, asphalt, any other petroleum extracts and wastes.
33. Oil mix: (compound) any mixture contains a quantity of oil exceeds the limit determined in the executive regulation.
34. The dirty equilibrium water 😦 dirty ballast water): the water that found inside tankers on the ship if its oil contents exceed the limit determined in the executive regulation.
35. Oil transport means: any pipeline used to transport the oil, any other equipments used to load the oil, or delivery the oil or transport oil, or any other of pumping equipments and necessary equipments to use these pipelines.
36. Injurious materials carrier: The ship that built basically or modified to carry shipments of bulk injurious materials also includes oil carriers, when having complete or partial shipment of injurious material not packed due to rules of second section of third chapter of this law.
37. Drainage: any leakage, or flow, or discharge, Or unloading for any of pollutant materials or getting rid of them in the regional sea water or the neighboring area, or the pure economical area, with consideration to the levels determined in the executive regulation.
38. The sinking foundering:
(a) any meant throw in the maritime environment for polluted materials or wastes from ships, planes, or platforms. Etc.
(b) any meant discharge in the maritime environment for ships, or industrial components, or others.
39. Liquid materials injuring the watery environment: the articles mentioned in the second section in the second annex, Marbol agreement 1973, and its amendments 1978.
40. Pollutant elements and materials: any materials, solid liquid, gas, noise, radiations, heat, or quivering, caused by humans and leads directly or indirectly to pollution, or deterioration of environment.
41. Watery pollution: inserting of any materials, or energy in the watery environment, which causes damage in the solid / live recourses, or threaten human health, or retard watery activities including fishing and touristic activity, or spoil the goodness of sea water for use, or reduced its enjoyment, or changes its characteristics.
42. The pollutant materials to watery environment: any materials drained into watery environment, intentionally, or unintentionally, which causes change in the characteristics, or participates directly or indirectly towards injury of humans, natural resources, or sea waters, or touristic areas, or overlap with other legal uses of watery environment.

First chapter
Environment Protection against Pollution
First Section
the enduring development and Environment

Article (2)

The law aims to achieve the following purposes:
1. Protection of environment and maintain its quality and natural balance.
2. Counteract the pollution with its different shapes, and avoid any damages or instant, long range negative effects, which result from plans and programs of construction, industrial, agricultural, or economical development, or any other development programs which aim to improve life standard, and achieve the supplementary protection to the environment and conserve its quality and natural balance, and settlement of environmental awareness and principles of pollution counteractions
3. Development of natural resources and conserve the biological variation and exploit it to the maximum for the benefit of the current and Coming generations
4. Protection of society and health of humans, and other live creatures from all environmental injurious actions and functions, or that retard the legal use for the environmental media.
5. Protection of environment for the harmful impact of activities outside the State.

Article (3)

The whole administrative bodies should take the necessary procedures and precautions to protect environment and counteract the pollution and maintaining of natural resources and continuity of natural material’s competence to satisfy the development requirements for the current or coming generations.

 

Article (4)

The whole administrative bodies should care of environmental considerations, and giving them a top priority, and contribute these considerations in all processes and levels of planning, and make the environmental planning a part of the overall planning for development in all industrial , agricultural, and Construction fields, and others.

Article (5)

The whole administrative departments, each in its field of specialization, work on rationalization the use of the solid/ live resources, to maintain what regenerated, and developing it, or prolong the validity of the stagnant resources for the benefit of current, or coming generations

Article (6)

All administrative and private bodies, are bound to inscribe the clause of environment protection and pollution counteraction in all local, international agreements and contracts, which their execution cause injurious effects on environment, and to include in them, clauses of penalties, undertaking of pay expenses to remove the Environmental damages and their compensations

Article (7)

All departments responsible of education should insert environmental enlightenment materials in the educational curriculum in all levels of education. To make sure that these enlighten materials should be given a special consideration and work on establishing and developing specialized institutions in Environmental Science to graduate technical cadres.
And all departments responsible of information should work on reinforcement of environmental enlightenment programs in different means of information, visual, readable /audible.

Article (8)

The Council by Coordinating with the authorized administrative bodies assumes establishing, issuing, revising, developing, and modernizing measures and standards environmental protection.

Article (9)

The Council by Coordinating with the authorized administrative departments, issue the regulations and decisions that deal with the maintaining the natural live genuses and domesticated, especially, Those which are threatened by extinction in this respect, the Council is authorized to do the following :
1. Prevention of hunting the scarce natural live Creatures.
2. Prevention of cutting and uprooting and removal of big trees, small trees, and ground grass.
3. Establishment and managing of natural reserves.
4. Maintaining the live resources that include, domestic, tamed animals, and the domestic plants of comical value and improving them.

 

 

Article (10)

The Council by Coordination with the specialized administrative bodies and the authorized departments should take precautions, which are necessary to avoid, prevent, or minimize the injury that happens to environment to the minimum possible prior it takes place. It has to do the following specifically:
1. the temporary stopping or Cancellation for any activities, that it seem, has a negative impact on environment.
2. Imposing of Technical or operational restrictions, conditions, measures and standards, or any other necessary requirements

Second Section
Environmental Impact of Projects

Article (11)

The Council by Coordination with the related administrative bodies establishes the necessary standards, specifications, and basics and controls for evaluation of the environmental impact for projects and establishments, which required licensing, is authorized to do the following:
1. Determine the classes and sections of public, private development projects, which are expected to cause environmental damages.
2. Determine the areas and location of environmental importance due to the environment protection standards. And the executive regulation determines environmental impact evaluation procedures and the conditions of offering the environmental authorization for the project or operating authorization and, the cases of its stopping or canceling.

Article, 12

The plans and public, private, development projects, whatsoever their qualities, or locations, including the construction, agricultural, and industrial projects, should be submitted to the Council after planning and before execution, for revision and evaluation, and to check their sticking to scientific practical styles for appropriate environmental planning, due to the standards, specifications, and basics, and the controls mentioned in the former article

Article, 13

Without prejudice to other conditions that determined by the operative laws, it is not allowed for the licensing authorities to issue licenses for the projects that determined by the executive regulation due to the rule of article (11) from this law, except after presenting a study of environmental impact evaluation for it, and receive an approval of the Council according to the results of this study.
The operating of the project or establishment is forbidden before receiving the necessary license satisfying the environmental impact evaluation study and the Council approval.
The extensions and modification in the operative projects subject to the rules related to the environmental impact evaluation procedures.

Article (14)

The authorized department submits a copy of environmental impact evaluation study for the project to the General Secretariat to revise and submits it to the Council for a decision. The General Secretariat should inform those departments of the council decision within a period of thirty days from the date of receiving the study completed. If there is no answer from the General Secretariat within this period, this considered as an approval to the study.
Who is concerned, has the right to claim from the Council rejection, due to the basics and procedure and timing determined by the executive regulation.

Article (15)

The authorized department should make sure whether the new project and the major changes for the operative projects are using a technology available and economically feasible to control the pollution and prevent the Environmental deterioration, at the renewal of the operative projects licensing, the authorized department should make sure of its commitment in using the appropriate technology, that achieves the engagement of environment protection measures, which determined in the executive regulation.

Article (16)

The Owners of the project should keep a record to illustrate the establishment activity impact on the environment. The executive regulation establish a form for this record and the information registered in, the General Secretariat should follow-up the record information, to make sure that it is real, in this respect to have the necessary samples and perform the suitable test to specify the establishment activity impact on the environment, and determine its sticking to the measures for environment protection. If there are any violations, the General Secretariat should inform the specialized administrative unit to burden the owner of the establishment to correct these violations immediately., if not, makes the correction within sixty days, the council will take the necessary procedures, according to the violation, and claim of appropriate compensation, to treat the damages caused by these violations

Article (17)

All the administrative authorities, committed by coordination and cooperation with the General Secretariat to take all procedures and precautions as follows:
1. working on prevention of environmental negative effects that caused by its projects or the projects that under its control or that issue its licenses.
2. Taking all appropriate procedures to secure application of rules in this law on its projects and projects under its supervision, or issue its licenses beside engaged by valid environment protection measures and issuing required systems, executes regulations, and instructions.
3. Observation and follow-up application of systems and measures of environment protection, and stick to them in its projects, or projects that under its supervision, and submit periodical reports to the Council.
4. Conduct the coordination with the Council prior issuing any licenses, or authorization, or measures, or specifications, or basics related to activities affecting the environment.

Article (18)

Any body who designs or executes, or operates any project, must stick to the systems and measures of the environment protection, which determined by this law, or any other issues of application it. And also who intends to do work, or intends to give up an action, which leads to negative effects on environment, must identify its potential effects either through conducting environmental impact evaluation study related to it or by any other way determined by this law or its executive regulation, and take all necessary precautions, actions, or procedures to prevent the occurring of these effects, or minimize the potentiality of their happening to the minimum possible.
In case, any one of the potential environmental negative effects for any project due to doing an action, or not doing an action, the project owner must engage to take all necessary actions to stop, or minimize its effects as minimum as possible however, his doing the environmental impact evaluation, will not release him of responsibility.

Article (19)

To all administrative departments and who acts supervision on any project, which may establish negative effects on environment, must put emergency plans and necessary means of applying them to prevent those effects, or reduce their risks. And must submit the plans and means to the Council for study and assume his appropriate decision in this respect due to the executive regulation rule.

Article (20)

For any person, natural or moral, committed a responsibility of operating a project including functions or operations that may cause acute negative effects on environment, must assign a person to be responsible of guarantee achievement of those functions and operations due to basics and rules stated in this law and its executive regulation.

Third section
Emergency plan to counter the environmental disasters

Article (21)

The coordination must be taken between the Council, the permanent emergency committee, and the administrative departments, to establish a general plan for emergency to face the environmental disasters, and that plan will not become operative, unless accredited from the Council of Ministers, the following is specifically considered in that plan:
1. Collection of information’s and systems (internationally, and domestically) available, about the method of countering the environmental disasters and reduce their damages.
2. Enumeration the available capabilities on local, national and international level, and determine the way of using them to achieve a rapid disaster counteraction.
3. Conduct trainings and tests to know the extent of alertness for emergency team individuals, and present the weaknesses in their performance, and the mean of developing the plan or the team performance.

Article (22)

The emergency plan includes the following:
1- Determine the environment disasters types and the authorized departments, which report of happened, or expected to happen.
2- Establish a central operation chamber to receive reports of environmental disaster and follow-up sending and receiving of related accurate information’s aiming to mobilize the necessary capabilities to face them.
3- Forming a work group to follow the countering of environmental disaster, when happened, or expected to happen, and the work group leader is authorized to have all necessary power to face the disaster, by cooperation and coordination with the specialized administrative departments.

Article (23)

In the accidental compulsive situations, it is allowed not to stick to the standards and measures that issued for application to the rules of this law, if the target is humans safety or securing the establishment safety. In this case, the Council and the specialized administrative departments should be notified.

Fourth Section
Wastes and Dangerous Materials

Article (24)

Importing, entering passing, laying, burying, injecting putting or storing of dangerous wastes in the state is restricted.
Unless authorized by the specialized administrative departments, it is restricted allowing passing of ships carriers of wastes in the regional sea or the pure economical area of the state.

Article (25)

Establishment of projects to treat the dangerous wastes is restricted, unless licensed from the specialized administrative department after the Council approval.
Extraction of dangerous wastes is restricted, except due to standards and conditions and in the areas determined by the executing regulation.
And the Council issues, by cooperation with the specialized administrative departments, an information timetables of dangerous wastes, beside the Council determines areas and conditions of extraction of those wastes by coordination with the specialized administrative departments.

Article (26)

The importing, dealing, or transporting the dangerous wastes, is restricted, unless authorized by the related administrative departments.
The executing regulation declares the procedures and conditions of offering authorization, and issued by the specialized department, with the basics and procedures of dangerous materials management and the council issues an information table of dangerous materials by coordination with the specialized administrative departments.

Article (27)

Those who are in charge of producing, dealing or transporting dangerous, gas, liquid, or solid materials, should take all precautions to prevent any damages to the environment.
According to the rules of this law, the owner of the establishment, which causes dangerous wastes, must keep a record of these wastes and means of extracting them, and also the contracting departments that authorized to handle those wastes due to the procedures and conditions and forms determined by the executing regulation.

2nd Chapter
Protection of air environment against pollution

Article (28)

The location of the project should be suitable to the establishment activity, that secure not to overtake the allowed limits of air pollutants, and the total pollution resulting from all establishments in one area, to be in the allowed limit.
The executing regulation determines the establishments controlled by its rules and the specialized department to approval on the suitability of the location and the allowed extents of the air pollutants and the noise in the area where the establishment is built.

Article (29)

Spraying or using of insecticides, or any other chemical components for agricultural, or general health purposes, is restricted, unless considering the conditions and controls and guarantees determined by the executing regulation, which include preventing exposure of human, or animal, or plant, or water streams, or environment components, directly, or indirectly, recently, or in future, from the injurious effects for these insecticides or chemical components.

Article (30)

All the projects subject to rules of this law must be obliged in practicing their functions, to prevent discharge or leak of air pollutants, to exceed the maximum possible of the limits, due to the executing regulation.

Article (31)

Using of equipments, machineries, or vehicles, that resulting polluted exhaust to the environment is prohibited with a rate higher than the maximum possible limit determined by the executing regulation.

Article (32)

Throwing, delivering, treating, or burning the garbage and liquid, solid wastes, is restricted, except in the arranged areas away of the agricultural, industrial and the residual areas, and the water streams. And the executing regulation determines the specifications and controls and the minimum possible for the distance of the arranged areas away from those places.
The administrative departments, engaged to the treatment of the wastes and garbage within their specialization due to what determined by the executing regulation.

Article (33)

In burning any type of fuel or any other material, in industry, energy generating, or constructions, or any other commercial purpose, the smokes, gases and harmful vapors, must result in the allowed limits, and the responsible of this function should take all necessary precaution to minimize pollutants quantity in the burning results indicated before, and the executing regulation to illustrate those precautions and the allowed limits and specifications of chimneys, and any other means of controls in smoke, gases, and the vapors discharged from the burning operation.

Article (34)

The departments responsible of works of search, exploration, digging, taking out, and producing crude oil, refining, and manufacturing it, ,must engage to the controls and procedures that stated in this law and its executing regulation, with consideration to basics, and international principles of oil industry, that provided by the specialized administrative department.

Article (35)

For all departments and individuals, when doing the works of solidification, or cracking, or exploration,, or digging, or building, or running, or transport what resulting from them, like materials or wastes, or dusts, must take the necessary precautions for safe storing and transporting to prevent aching due to what determined by the executing regulation.

 

 

Article (36)

For all department and individuals, when conducting the serving, or productive activities, or else, and especially in operating the machinery, and equipments, and using alarm machines and loud speakers, must not to exceed the allowed limit of the sound oscillation that determined by the executing regulation.
The specialized departments must consider that total of sound discharged from the fixed sources in one area in the allowed possible range. And to make sure of the establishment engagement of choosing appropriate equipment and machinery to fulfill that.

Article (37)

The owner of the project or establishment, emerged to take necessary actions and precautions to prevent leak or discharge of air pollutants inside the working area, except in the allowed limit, determined by the executing regulation, either it is caused by the nature of the establish function, or by a defect in the equipments, and must provide the necessary protection according to vocational safety and health conditions, besides selection of suitable machinery, equipments, materials, and types of fuels, considering the exposure period for these pollutants, and has to secure the sufficient ventilation and assembling chimneys and other means of air purification.

Article (38)

The owner of the project or the establishment has to take the necessary procedures to maintain the degree of temperature and humidity inside the working area not to exceed the allowed maximum limit and not to be less than the allowed minimum limit.
In case of work necessity may required the movement of temperature and humidity to be out of limit, so he must secure suitable protection means for the workers in terms of special uniforms and any other means of protection.
The executing regulation illustrates the maximum and minimum limits for the degree of temperature and humidity and duration of exposure and means of protection from them.

Article (39)

The public closed and semi-closed areas, and establishment and projects, are conditional to be fulfilled to the sufficient ventilation means, which suit the area volume and its capacity and kind of activity practiced in, to maintain air renewal, purification and keeping a suitable temperature degree.

Third chapter
Watery environment protection against
Pollution
Section (1)
Surface and ground water protection

Article (40)

The water storage of ground water that valid for use, subject to the controls and procedures that decided by the specialized administrative department, to get use of it with the extent that does not affect the available quantities, or their characteristics, or basics of their distribution and usage.

 

Article (41)

Regarding the statements in the operative decisions and laws for organizing digging of ground water wells, throwing, draining, extracting of solid, liquid, gas materials, is restricted in the sources or the streams of surface water or ground water valid for use.

Section 2
Maritime environment protection
The maritime environment protection from pollution aims to protect and safeguard the State coasts and ports, from pollution risks with all their types, shapes, and sources, and protection of regional sea environment and natural resources of the pure economical area and the continental shelf, by prevention of pollution, regardless of its sources before happening and remove, stop, or minimize its effects to the minimum in case of happening.
First: Pollution from ships
1- Oil pollution

Article (43)

It is restricted for all ships and carriers to drain or throw the oil, or oily mixture in the regional sea or the pure economical area of the State. All ships and carriers port at State harbors must fulfill all requirements and obligations stated in this law and its executing regulation.

Article (44)

It is restricted for departments authorized of exploration, or taking out, or exploitation of offshore oil fields and other maritime natural resources, or those who are authorized using of oil carrying means, drainage of a pollutant material caused by drilling, or exploration, or wells testing, or production operations in the regional sea or the pure economical area of the State, unless using safe means, which do not cause damages to watery environment, and treatment of the drained wastes and pollutant materials according to the available advanced technical systems, and what matched with conditions stated in the international, regional agreements approved by the State.

Article (45)

The owner and the commander of the ship and those who are responsible of oil transport means located in the ports or internal waters or the regional sea, or the pure economical area, and also the working companies in oil production, must take the initiative immediately to inform the specialized administrative departments about any accident of oil leakage as soon as possible, with informing of accident circumstances, the type of material leak and the procedures taken to stop, or minimize the leak, and any other particulars stated in the executing regulation.
The owner and the captain of the ship are responsible of any oil leak accident caused by error or negligence or ignoring the necessary precautions to prevent that accident. And in all cases, the specialized administrative department must report the council of all information’s about the accident indicated above immediately after the accident.

 

 

 

Article (46)

The owner and captain of the ship, which registered inside or outside the State, must keep a record for oil in the ship, containing all oil operations, and specially the following operations:
1- Conducting the loading and delivery operations and any other operations oily load transport with illustrating the type of oil.
2- Drain of oil or oil mixture for the safety of the ship or its load or saving passengers with illustrating the type of oil.
3- Leak of oil or oil mixture due to crash or accident, with showing oil rate and volume of leak.
4- Drain of dirty balance water, or cleaning of tankers.

5- Discarding of pollutant wastes.
6- Throwing of ship waters with oil content that gathered in the machineries room, out of the ship when it is anchored in the port.
The executing regulation determined the way of recording operations of drainage of oil or oily mixture of the sea platforms that established in the watery environment.

Article (47)

The specialized administrative departments must provide in the specific arrival ports, the necessary constructions, provisions, and equipments to receive the extracts, wastes, sedimentations of oil and oily mixture from the anchored ships in those ports.

Article (48)

The ships with the load capacity that determined by the executing regulation, and that used the Qatari ports, or travel through its area, must be equipped with pollution reducing equipments due to what is determined by the executing regulation.

Article (49)

Without violation to the international agreement rules in the respect of the civil responsibility of the damages caused by oil pollution accidents that signed in (Bruckcell in 1969) and its amendments, the oil carriers of total manifest 2000 ton and more, that work in the regional sea or the pure economical area of the State, must present, to the specialized administrative department due to the controls issued by the specialized Minister Decree by coordination with the council, financial guarantee certificate, in a shape of insurance or compensation note, or any other guarantee. The certificate of guarantee must be issued at the carrier entering in the regional sea, and should be valid and cover its responsibility of compensation for all damages caused by the potential pollution accidents from its side, that estimated by the specialized administrative department.
Regarding the ships registered in a State joining the above mentioned international agreement, this certificate issued from the specialized authority for the State registering the ship.

Article (50)

For the ships that carry oil regularly to/from any Qatari port, or from any of oil carrying means inside the regional sea, or the pure economical area of the State, must have the international oil pollution prevention certificate due to the executing regulation.

2- Injurious materials pollution

Article (51)

It is restricted to the ships and carriers in the regional sea or the pure economical area of the state, to conduct any of the following:
1- Throwing or drain any wastes, pollutant, injurious liquid materials, or perished animals, intentionally, or unintentionally, directly, or indirectly, that caused damage in the watery environment, or general health, or any other legal usages in the sea.
2- Throwing of injurious materials packed in parcels, containers, or mobile tankers or trucks.
3- Drowning of dangerous wastes and materials and the executing regulation, determines the liquid, solid materials, which damage the watery environment, and expose it to danger.

Article (52)

The specialized administrative departments must prepare the shipping and delivery ports that made to receive the carriers that stated in the first part of the previous article, and also ships repair basins, with the suitable facilities to receive the injurious liquid materials and their wastes.

3- Pollution by sanitary drainage wastes and garbage

Article (53)

It is restricted for the ships and sea platforms drain the Contaminated sanitary drainage water inside the internal water, or regional sea, or the pure economical area of the State, and must get rid of it due to the standards and procedures that determined by the executing regulation.

Article (54)

It is restricted for the ships and sea platforms, that do the works of exploration and exploitation of the mineral and natural resources in the maritime environment of the State, and also the ships using the ports, to throw the wastes or byproducts in the internal waters or the regional sea or the pure economical area of the State, and must deliver the wastes in the containers, especially made for receiving the wastes or in areas determined by the specialized administrative departments.

2nd: Pollution from land sources

Article (55)

With considering the protocol rules of main time environment protection against pollution resulting from land sources indicated, these sources include either of municipal, or industrial, or agricultural, fixed, or mobile sources, which their drains reach the maritime environment and specifically the following sources:
1- Outlets and pipelines that drain into the sea.
2- Canals or watery streams that include the ground water streams.
3- Maritime establishments, fixed and mobile, that used for other purposes not including exploration or exploitation sea depth and bottom and continental shelf and sea platforms and drillers and the man-made islands and others.
4- Any other land sources located in the State lands, either through water, air, or directly from coast.

 

Article (56)

It is restricted for all projects and establishments including the public places and the commercial, industrial, touristic and serviceable establishments, to drain or throw any materials, or wates, or untreated liquids that cause pollution in the coasts or the neighboring waters, either caused intentionally or unintentionally, directly, or indirectly.

Article (57)

The licensing for establish, any projects or establishments or shops at the sea beach, or nearby, that caused pollutant materials drainage as a violation to the rules of this law and decisions supporting it, the license applicant must conduct the environmental impact studies, and stick to provide the necessary means to treat the wastes.

Article (58)

The executing regulation determines the specifications and standards that engaged the industrial projects, which are authorized to drain the soluble pollutant materials, after treatment, also determines the unsolluble pollutant materials, which are restrict to be drained in the watery environment by the industrial establishment.

Article (59)

The representative, or the responsible of the project or the establishment management, that stated in Article (56) of this law, which drain in the water environments, is responsible of any in violation performed by the workers, and also responsible of providing the treatment means typical to the standards and specifications that determined by the executing regulation.

Article (60)

With consideration to the rules of law No. (10) dated 1987, indicated above, it is restricted foundation of any projects or establishments on the sea beaches to a distance of 200 meters minimum inside from the coast line, unless agreed by the specialized administrative department, which is subject to coordination with the council, and the executing regulation organized the procedures and conditions, which must be followed in this respect.

Article (61)

With regarding to rules of law No (4) dated 1983. It is restricted for any action that affects the natural flow of the coast, or changing it to penetrate into the sea waters right flow or the line of reflux, unless agreed by the specialized administrative department, by coordination with the Council, and the executing regulation organizes the procedures and conditions, which must be followed in this respect.

Fourth chapter
Administrative and Judicial procedures
The General Secretariat personnel, who are delegated by a decision issued from the Chairman of the Council, a capacity of judicial arrest commissioners, also this capacity delegated to the other administrative personnel, who are deputated to the Council for this purpose. And that in the crimes evidence, that occur as a violation for the rules of this law and its executing regulation, and decrees supporting it. They must have the authority of search on all places practicing a function affects on environment, to observe the rules of this law and its executing regulation, and have the right at any time to enter all places committed violations for the environmental legislations rules, and writing journals of capturing these violations and take the legal procedures related to them, they have specifically to do the following:
1- Entry and inspection of establishments, with considering operation and safety laws for them.
2- Apply for reports about functions expected to cause environmental pollution or deterioration.
3- Take samples from wastes and used, stored, produced materials from the project to make sure of its engagement of environment protection measures and systems.
4- Climb on board ships and sea platforms, and entry of establishments founded at the sea coast and inspect means of oil transport and pollutant materials to the maritime environment to identify their engagement of rules application of this law and its executing regulation, and the issued decrees supporting it, and provide equipments and means of wastes treatment committed by the determined safety and operation conditions and regulations

Article (63)

In the Case that the wish of the captain of the ship, which committed a violation, is to depart from the port, the judicial arrest commissioners stated in the previous article, has the authority to collect a cash insurance to cover amount of penalties and compensations that may expected to charge with, not less than the minimum limit determined to the violation adding to it all expenses and compensations that estimated by the specialized administrative department to remove the violation.
It is allowed to replace the cash insurance by a bank letter of guarantee or any other guarantee accepted by the specialized administrative department, as allowed by the international law regulations which exist in this field, especially the international agreement rules in respect of civil responsibility about oil pollution damages that signed in (Bruckcell 1969).

Article (64)

Without contravention to the rules of the previous article, the specialized administrative department has the authority to take legal procedures to lockup any ship, due to failure of its captain to fulfill the payments of instant penalties and compensations determined in case of red- handed or incase of acceleration stated in the previous article.
The retention will be raised, if the entire required amount are paid, or introduce an unconditional financial guarantee.

Article (65)

Any Captain or owner or responsible of a ship that using the Qatari ports, or has the auth orization of working in the regional sea or the neighboring area, or the pure economical area of the State, must present to specialized administrative department representatives or the judicial arrest commissioners, who are delegated to apply this law and its regulations, facilities to achieve their mission

Chapter 5
Sanctions / punishments

Article (66)

Without contravention by any maximum sanction stated in the criminal code or any other law , to be punished any one who commits violation of Articles rules stated in this chapter will be charged by the sanctions or punishments indicated in the following , and the punishment will be doubled in case of repeating the violation

Article (67)

Any one who breaches the rules of articles (31), (35), (36 secl) from this law, will be punished by a payment of penalty not less than one thousand Qatar riyal and not to exceed twenty thousand QR.

Article (68)

Anyone who breaks the rules of articles (13 , Para 2) , ( 16 , Para 1 ) , (18) , (32, Para ,1 ) , (33) , ( 37) , (38) , (48 ) ,(60) , (61) , from this law , will be punished by a penalty not less than five thousand QR , and not to exceed fifty thousands QR.

Article (69)

Any one who breaches the rules of articles (27 ,Para 2) , (29 ) , (30) , (41 ) , (45 , Para) , (53) , ( 54 ) , (56) , from this law will be punished by a detention period not to exceed one year with a penalty not less than twenty thousand QR , and not to exceed hundred thousand QR , or by one of the two mentioned punishments

Article (70)

Any one commits a violation of rules of articles (25, Para), (26), (27, Para), (45. Para 2) , ( 51 clause 1, 2) from this law , will be punished by a detention period not less than one year , and not to exceed three years , with a penalty not less than one hundred thousand QR , and not to exceed three hundred thousand Qr , or by one of those punishments .

Article (71)

Any one who breaks the rules of the articles (24) , ( 25 , para 3) , (43 ) , (44) .(51, clause 3) from this law , will be punished by a detention period not less than three years and not to exceed ten years , and by penalty not less than two hundred thousand QR. And not to exceed five hundred thousand QR, or by one of those punishments

Article (72)

Considered as a repeater , in application of the rules of this law , any one who commits a crime typical to a previous crime , which he committed before and punished with one of the punishments determined for its rules violation and that before five years passed from the date of the punishment end, or cancelled by period factor.

 

 

Article (73)

The court when charged by conviction is authorized accordingly to close the project or the establishment or deportation of foreigner from the country or seizure of tools and equipments used in the violation, with engaging the breaker to remove the violation and turning the situation back as it is.

Article (74)

If the one who commits the crime, or committed on his behalf, or for his benefit, a moral person, his legal representative in a capacity of partner for the real doer, punished with the punishments stated in this law.
The representative of the moral person, exempted from the punishment, if approved that the crime is committed without his notice, or compulsory, or to harm him, or he delegated another person to practice his jurisdictions, or perform a reasonable effort to avoid the crime aimlessly.

Article (75)

The owner, captain, operator, responsible of the ship and the principals of the projects, and establishments, are all responsible of all damage rising from committing a violation to the rules of this law, and paying the penalties and compensations that decided, and the expenses of the removal of effects of that violation.

This piece is taken from the website of the Embassy of the State of Qatar in Washington DC.

See on-line at: http://www.qatarembassy.net/law%20of%20environment%20protection.asp

The Supreme Council for the Environment and National Sanctuaries

April 25, 2010

Qatar is one of the countries most concerned with environment affairs and the first to enact legislation that furthers the efforts to conserve and protect the environment. Qatar?s environmental attention reached its apex with the establishment of the Supreme Council for the Environment and Natural sanctuaries. All public and private establishments in the country as well as the individuals rally their efforts to further the environmental conservation objectives in the country. This is why a specialized chamber to hear and decide on the crimes against natural resources of water and the environment was set up in April 2002 following a decision from the president of the courts of justice.

The Supreme Council for the Environment and Natural Sanctuaries

Presided over by His Highness the Heir Apparent, the Council has a legal entity with an independent budget that is set under the State?s general budget. It undertakes all environment protection responsibilities including the augmentation and protection of the endangered wildlife and its natural habitat; formulation of the general policies aiming to protect the environment and realize sustainable development; drawing up work plans to implement such policies; monitoring the current environment and wildlife-related protective measures and practices; preparing the necessary drafts of legislation, regulations and decisions on the protection of the environment and establishing national environmental data base, alongside with other environment protection-related functions.
The council is formed of a deputy president, a number of experienced and environment enthusiast members and a secretary-general. It may, in cases of failure to comply with the environment protection stipulations, demand the withdrawal of the consent to operate granted in respect of the non-complying works, facilities and activities. This applies to all the ministries, government agencies, public institutions and corporations and all the concerned parties in the country.
The officers of the supreme council for environment and natural reserves, who are deputized by a decision from the chairman of the council based on a nomination by the Secretary General, serve in the capacity of juridical capture commissioners in holding and evidencing the crimes that may violate the provisions of the council and their executing decisions.
The Supreme Council for the Environment and Natural Sanctuaries organizes nation-wide functions to control the desertification problem as Qatar lies in the arid region, where rainfall does not exceed 200 mm per year. The council is also seeking to preserve all land, marine and atmospheric environments. This is why it had launched a campaign to destroy the farms that did not abide by environmental and health rules and set up many compounds with sound health and environmental conditions.
The council prohibits trading in or dealing with all elements of the endangered wildlife, either dead or alive. Hunting of wild birds and animals is also strictly prohibited within the boundaries of natural sanctuaries, islands, cities and villages.
In order to preserve the resources of wildlife the council started on May 1, 2002 to enforce the wildlife hunting law, which organizes wildlife hunting and designates the times and places where hunting is ultimately prohibited, as well as the techniques of hunting and the penalties for violations.
The law, which is enforced in collaboration with the concerned departments at the ministry of interior, coast guard and land guards, allows wildlife hunting during the season from September 15 to the beginning of May each year, after which hunting is prohibited.
Hunters are under the obligation not to damage gardens, farms and plant cover; not to use explosives and not to interfere or tamper with the life of wild birds, marine turtles, baby animals, wild eggs and nests by damaging, moving or selling them or taking possession thereof,. Such practices are only permitted for scientific research purposes. Even then, a special pre-arranged approval should be secured from the council.
Qatar does not allow hazardous waste materials to enter the country, as it does not have the necessary facilities to deal with them. However, sending these materials abroad is allowed within the restrictions outlined by the provisions of Basel convention, which Qatar has signed on August 9, 1995. No waste materials should be buried in any Qatari territory without the approval of the Supreme Council for the Environment and Natural Sanctuaries. Efforts are underway to arrange the storage of hazardous industrial waste materials on the sites of treatment starting from 2003.

This piece is taken from the website of the Qatari Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

See on-line at: http://english.mofa.gov.qa/details.cfm?id=116

Nanotechnology and the Environment in the Arab World – Moshe Terdman

April 22, 2010

Written by Moshe Terdman

Muslim Environment Watch

Muslim Environment Occasional Papers

Vol. 1 (2010), Number 1 (April 2010) 

Site: https://muslimenvironment.wordpress.com. Email: terdmana@zahav.net.il; mterdman@gmail.com. All material copyright Moshe Terdman unless otherwise stated. Credit if quoting; ask permission to reprint. 

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Introduction

On February 20, 2010, Mohamed H. A. Hassan, executive director of TWAS, the academy of sciences for the developing world, and President of the African Academy of Sciences, said that “Nanotechnology could aid the future of development of the Arab region”. He said that at a panel session called “Re-emergence of Science, Technology and Education as Priorities in the Arab World”, taking place at the AAAS’s annual meeting in San Diego. He further said that “the Arab region, home to some 300 million people, faces a host of daunting development challenges. Three of the most fundamental involve ensuring adequate supplies of water, energy and food”. Advances in nanotechnology could help achieve progress by helping to address each of these challenges”.[1]

Nanotechnology is the study of the controlling of matter on an atomic and molecular scale. Generally speaking, nanotechnology deals with structures of the size 100 nanometers or smaller, and involves developing materials or devices within that size.

The aim of this article is to give a short outline of the development of nanotechnology research throughout the Arab world, while focusing on its application in environmental projects.  

Research Centers 

The development of nanotechnology research throughout the Arab world is a very recent phenomenon, which started to take place only two years ago in Saudi Arabia and since then has spread to other Arab countries.

It is not surprising that the pioneer in acknowledging the importance of nanotechnology is Saudi Arabia. Indeed, as part of the six members of the Gulf Cooperation Council’s strategy to transform their industries from petroleum production to knowledge-based industries using nanotechnology and biotechnology, research centers have been established recently in Saudi Arabia as well as in the UAE in order to provide the human resources, innovation and pioneering technology needed for its implementation.[2] 

The agreement on the establishment of the first such research center was signed in Riyadh on February 26, 2008 between the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST), the Saudi Arabian national research and development organization, and IBM Research. The research center is called the Nanotechnology Centre of Excellence. Its aim is to seek key innovations, and explore and develop breakthroughs in applying molecular-scale engineering to critical energy and sustainable resource issues. Under this agreement, Saudi scientists and engineers will work side by side with IBM scientists and engineers on advanced nano-science and nano-technology programs in the fields of solar energy, water desalination and petrochemical applications such as recyclable materials. The work will be conducted between teams working at IBM laboratories in Zurich, Switzerland; Almaden, California; Yorktown Heights, New York; and the KACST/IBM Nanotechnology Centre of Excellence in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.[3]

It should be mentioned that IBM is one of the leading global technology companies and the world’s largest nanotechnology research institution.

The joint research work in solar energy will include a focus on novel materials for the direct conversion of sunlight to electricity, known as photovoltaics. The water treatment research will focus on the use of new nano-membrane materials for reverse osmosis seawater desalination. The research on efficient organic catalysts builds on IBM’s advance materials expertise to develop synthetic methods for recycling of plastic materials.[4]

King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia donated US$9.6 million to establish further nanotechnology institutes at universities around Saudi Arabia, to promote education and research in nanotechnology. The US$3.2 million King Abdullah Institute for Nanotechnology was opened in mid-2008 at the King Saud University in Riyadh. Two other nanotechnology institutes are also planned, for King Abdul Aziz University in Jeddah and the King Fahd University for Petroleum and Minerals in Riyadh, at a cost of US$3.2 million each.[5]   

On April 28, 2009, Intel and King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology signed a collaborative research agreement to establish CENA, Center of Excellence in Nano-manufacturing Applications. The focus of CENA is to conduct leading-edge research on advanced nano-processing and fabrication technology, nano-sensors/network, nano-devices, and synthesis and deposition of nano-structures. CENA will commence its activities in October 2010.[6]

A nanotechnology research center was also established in the UAE. On November 16, 2008, the Khalifa University of Science, Technology and Research (KUSTAR) in Abu Dhabi announced that it would set up a nanotechnology research center in collaboration with the Asian Nano Forum. The announcement was made during the Fifth Asian Nano Forum Summit which started at that day in Abu Dhabi.[7]

According to its website, the aim of the KUSTAR’s nanotechnology center is “to play a leading role in the establishment of nanotechnology research, development, and industry in Abu Dhabi and the UAE. The centre will be dedicated to research on theoretical and experimental nanotechnology with strong emphasis on education and training”.[8]  

The interest in nanotechnology in the Arab world is not limited only to Saudi Arabia and the Gulf countries. Scientists in North African countries are increasingly interested in nanotechnology. In January 2009, Egypt launched the first North African nanotechnology and nanoscience research center in Cairo that aims to be world-class, with support from IBM Research. Egypt’s Information Technology Industry Development Agency (ITIDA) and Science and Technological Development Fund (STDF) signed the three-year partnership agreement with IBM on September 18, 2008. Joint investments will be in the region of US$30 million. Partners in the Center, Cairo University, Nile University and IBM will collaborate in the areas of simulation and modeling software, alternative energy sources (thin film silicon photovoltaics) and energy recovery for desalination.[9] 

More recently, Algeria launched several joint research projects with Iranian scientists in nanotechnology applications in environment and water management. But most of this research is yet to be applied, partly because of limited funding.[10]

And, even more recently, the Jordanian Higher Council for Science and Technology decided on August 17, 2009 to establish the National Nanotechnology Centre of Jordan (NANCEJ). The Centre started to be officially active in early February 2010. Its aim is to build the “scientific capacity in the field of nanotechnology in the Kingdom through programming and coordinating scientific research and development activities in this field nationwide, making the necessary financial support available for them, and networking Jordanian researchers with their counterparts abroad. The centre will establish an advanced specialized research laboratory capable of implementing the wide range of R&D and production…”.[11]

From Theory to Practice: Environmental Projects Applying Nanotechnology

The establishment of nanotechnology research centers throughout the Arab world, but especially in Saudi Arabia and North Africa, and the development of knowledge and awareness to the uses of nanotechnology for environmental and development projects have contributed to the launching in 2010 of two major environmental projects using nanotechnology. 

On January 12, 2010, Tunisia has launched the first project applying nanotechnology in the Maghreb. The project aims to monitor and purify the waters of the Madjerda River, the longest river in Tunisia. Three mobile laboratories will monitor river water, after which data will be analyzed at a new research center. The laboratories will then be mobilized to expand the project to other areas of the country. The Tunisian government has set an initial budget of around US$580,000 for the project. The project, partially funded and supported by Belgium, is the first project of the Tunisian Association for Environmental Nanotechnology. The association was set up in December 2008 but it took a year to convince policymakers of the importance of nanotechnology, particularly for providing water suitable for drinking and irrigation.[12]

On January 24, 2010, the KACST launched a major national initiative to produce desalinated water and electricity at a much cheaper rate – less than a riyal for a cubic meter of water and 30 halalas per kilowatt/hour. According to Prince Turki bin Saud bin Muhammad, Vice President of KACST for research institutes, the initiative will reduce the cost of water and electricity production by 40 percent. The first solar-powered desalination plant with a capacity of 30,000 cubic meters will be built in Al-Khafji. It will serve around 100,000 people using nanoscience techniques developed by the KACST and IBM. The project will reduce dependence on oil and gas to operate desalination plants. Currently, desalination plants on the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf consume a total of 1.5 million barrels per day. The new initiative was carried out by the Ministries of Finance, Water and Electricity, and Commerce and Industry, and the Saline Water Conversion Corporation.[13]  

Summary

It seems like more and more Arab countries acknowledge the importance and potential of nanotechnology to address the three most fundamental development challenges facing the Arab world, which include: ensuring adequate supplies of water, energy, and food. Thus, there is no wonder that that two first major environmental projects applying nanotechnology have to do with desalination and purification of water.    

This acknowledgment of the importance of nanotechnology to the Arab world will, most probably, result in more research centers established in all the Arab countries and in more environment projects launched using nanotechnology.

In order to cover the knowledge gap with the West, joint nanotechnology research centers and projects have been launched in collaboration with foreign companies and research centers, who already have the needed knowledge in nanotechnology.  

Facing the challenges of lack of water, energy, and food is a need common to all the countries located in the Middle East and North Africa. This need might also bring the Arab countries to collaborate with each other and even to collaborate with Israel, which has the knowhow in this field.  


[1] See on-line at: http://twas.ictp.it/news-in-home-page/news/nanotechnology-could-help-arab-region

[2] See on-line at: http://www.scidev.net/en/news/saudi-arabia-boosts-nanotech-research.html 

[3]See on-line at: http://www.arabenvironment.net/archive/2008/3/488144.html; http://www.scidev.net/en/news/saudi-arabia-boosts-nanotech-research.html 

[4]See on-line at: http://www.arabenvironment.net/archive/2008/3/488144.html

[5] See on-line at: http://www.scidev.net/en/news/saudi-arabia-boosts-nanotech-research.html

[6] See on-line at: http://www.nanowerk.com/news/newsid=10309.php

[7] See on-line at: http://www.nanowerk.com/news/newsid=8203.php 

[8] See on-line at: http://www.kustar.ac.ae/sharjah/index.php?page=nanotechnology-centre

[9] See on-line at: http://www.scidev.net/en/news/egypt-to-host-first-northern-african-nanotech-cent.html

[10] See on-line at: http://www.nano.org.uk/news/337/; http://news.meedan.net/index.php?page=events&post_id=289456  

[11] See on-line at: http://www.hcst.gov.jo/pages.php?p=pages&id=55&Child=90

[12] See on-line at: http://www.nano.org.uk/news/337/ 

[13]See on-line at: http://www.bsigroup.com/en/Standards-and-Publications/Newsletters–press/Latest-news/Technical-design-and-innovation-news-homepage/Nanotechnology-used-in-new-Saudi-Arabia-solar-energy-project/; http://www.arabianbusiness.com/579802-saudi-launches-project-for-solar-powered-water-plants; http://archive.arabnews.com/?page=1&section=0&article=131784&d=25&m=1&y=2010&pix=kingdom.jpg&category=Kingdom

The Mediterranean Renewable Energy Centre (MEDREC) – Projects Portfolio

April 15, 2010
Algeria
Algeria
Dounya Park
The project is developing a 240 ha urban park aimed at halting desertification and conserving biodiversity. The Park will be powered by a photovoltaic-wind system and include a centre aimed at developing renewable energy study and training activities and managing the energy production from renewable energy installations.
Timimoun
The project, developed in the framework of Sahara project, consist of the waste water treatment in the Sahara oasis by using ultraviolet solar radiation and of the recovery of the treated water for irrigation. Energy production with renewable brings about fewer green house emissions that are responsible of Climate Change
Identification of Capacities Building needs in Algeria
The project aims to the assessment of the national needs with regard to capacities building, trainings, quality and standardization in the field of renewable energies. The identification of targeted capacity building and training activities will follow the analysis of the above mentioned needs.
Egypt
Utilisation of Solar Thermal Energy in Resorts and New Villages in Reclaimed Areas
Using solar thermal technologies to provide sustainable energy to tourist resorts and villages of the reclaimed lands. Particular attention is focused to provide heating and air conditioning to resorts, in order to decrease the total demand of electricity, and to provide cooling systems for agricultural products conservation in rural villages.
Photovoltaic Rural Electrification
The project aims at supplying electricity through photovoltaic to remote rural communities in the desert suffering the lack of energy services. Due to the dispersed nature of both houses and rural communities, in addition to their low demand, the extension of the grid is very non-economic, while the technical and economic feasibility for PV solar energy provision to those rural communities has been proven, besides its environmental friendly performance.
Identification of Capacities Building needs in Egypt
The project aims to the assessment of the national needs with regard to capacities building, trainings, quality and standardization in the field of renewable energies. The identification of targeted capacity building and training activities will follow the analysis of the above mentioned needs.
Solar Water Heater Subsidy Facility for the Red Sea and South Sinai Hotels
The Solar Water Heater Subsidy Facility, for the Red Sea and South Sinai Hotels, promotes collective solar water heating installations in hotels and other buildings in the service sector, with an initial target of 4,000 m2 of new solar thermal surfaces installed. This facility will grant a 25% capital cost subsidy and a maintenance cost subsidy over a 4-year timeframe for the installation, operation and maintenance of collective solar water heating systems.
Libya
Morocco
Solar Water Heating Loan/Leasing Facility in the Hotel sector – PROSOL Maro
A financial support mechanism is being implemented to install collective SWH installations in Moroccan hotels. A Facility will help financial institutions build loan and leasing portfolios by subsidizing a determined percentage of the interest rate for Solar Water Heating technologies.
Financial Mechanisms for Solar Water Heating
Within the framework of the national solar water heaters programme in Morocco (PROMASOL), both supply financial supporting mechanisms and demand financial supporting mechanisms (in particular, Leasing) are being implemented for the local market support. In addition, with the involvement of the Office National de l’Electricite’ (ONE) and the United Nations Environment Programme, Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (UNEP/DTIE), financial tools for Solar Water Heating are being further developed, with specific regard to a leasing – credit facility developed for the Hotel sector.
Renewable Energies Promotion by Developing Green Certificates Trading
The objective of the project is to promote renewable energies by setting up a framework of “Green Certificate Trading” between Morocco and Italy and by creating a legally required and favourable environment of transfer of these certificates between the two countries. The goal is then to create new concepts of promoting renewable energies and encourage projects generating green electricity.
Studies of wind energy integration into the national electric grid
Recent studies have confirmed the existence, in Morocco, of several regions with a high wind energy potential. A 50 MW wind farm is already in an operation and the installation of several wind parks is prospected within 2010. In this context, this project has developed technical and economical feasibility studies for assessing the potentialities of wind energy exploitation.
Renewable Energies in Rural Areas: Mini-Hydro, Biogas and PV Solar Pumping
This project addresses the problematic of energy deficit in some rural areas in Morocco by supporting some actions intended to enhance energy services such as: lighting, drinking water, health, education, agriculture, cooling, heating and cooking. Activities consist of identifying specific energy needs and necessary assistance to create the economic, social and institutional conditions that will enable the energy needs to be met, also involving the private sector and the civil society.
PV Solar Pumping Project in the Region of Tensift Al Haouz
This Project is conceived within the framework of a tripartite partnership (ONEP – IMET – CDER) and the work Programme is based on three essential components: – Rehabilitation of Solar Pumps Out of Work – Equipments of new water points – Development of an appropriated approach for the management of the hydraulic service
Wind Powered Desalination in the Akfennhir Village
The objective of the project is to provide the village of Akhfennir with drinking water by a wind powered desalination plant. The village Akhfennir is located in the South of Morocco on the Atlantic coast, about 100 km in the south of Tan-Tan city and drinking water is currently supplied by truck cisterns from the city of Tan-Tan. The project will permit introduction in Morocco of wind energy technology to produce electricity for desalination plants.
Energy efficiency in public hospitals
The project aims at promoting the improvement of energy efficiency and energy saving levels in public hospitals in Morocco. An assessment of energy demand and final energy uses in Moroccan hospitals will be carried out and feasibility studies developed. On the basis of these feasibility studies, concrete implementations will take place for energy efficiency/energy savings actions and for high standard cogeneration plants.
Technical assistance for the development of CDM projects
The project aims to the establishment of a “joint expert team” in charge of the analysis and selection of project opportunities on renewable energy, energy efficiency, waste management and forestry management, in order to develop CDM projects. This activity is aimed at the definition of a portfolio of project opportunities to be potentially developed by Italian and Moroccan-Italian companies.
Identification of Capacities Building needs in Morocco
The project aims to the assessment of the national needs with regard to capacities building, trainings, quality and standardization in the field of renewable energies. The identification of targeted capacity building and training activities will follow the analysis of the above mentioned needs.
Tunisia
PROSOL Tunisie – Solar Water Heating System Support Mechanism
PROSOL Tunisie is a Solar Water Heater Subsidy Facility aimed at the promotion of individual and collective solar water heating installations in the residential, tertiary and industrial sectors. The aim of the subsidy and interest rate facility is to help local financial institutions build loan portfolios in the SWH area by providing subsidies that will effectively lower the initial investment and the interest rates for the acquisition of a SWH, addressing, at least partially, the barrier of a higher initial cost for solar water heaters, thus contributing to the creation of a sustainable and competitive market for solar water heating systems.
Identification of Capacities Building needs in Tunisia
The project aims to the assessment of the national needs with regard to capacities building, trainings, quality and standardization in the field of renewable energies. The identification of targeted capacity building and training activities will follow the analysis of the above mentioned needs.
MEDISCO – MEDiterranean food and agro Industry applications of Solar COoling technologies
MEDISCO aims to develop, test and optimize solar thermally driven cooling concepts for the food and agro industry in the Mediterranean region, which under local conditions can result economically and socially sustainable. The objective is to asses which systems could better suite the actual and future demand of the food and conservation industry sectors in the south edge of the basin and estimate in technical and economical terms the most appropriate approach for the application of solar thermally driven systems.
URBAN AIR POLLUTION IN THE AREA OF TUNIS
The aim of the study is the evaluation of the air quality in the urban area of Tunis. The activity involves the measurement of the mass concentration and chemical composition of atmospheric suspended particulate matter in the size dimensions PM10 e PM2.5, the determination of the atmospheric concentration of some non-conventional pollutants (acid species and photochemical pollutants) and the evaluation of the extent and short-term variations of the atmospheric mixing, which play a key role in determining the quality of the atmosphere.
This piece is taken from the website of The Mediterranean Renewable Energy Centre (MEDREC).
See on-line at: http://www.medrec.org/en/projects.php